What is periodontitis or periodontal disease

Periodontitis or periodontal disease means “inflammation around the tooth” – is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and bone that supports the tooth. All periodontal diseases such as periodontitis, are infections that affect the periodontium. The periodontium is the tissue around a tooth supporting tissues of the tooth. With periodontitis, alveolar bone around the teeth is lost slowly and progressively. Microorganisms, such as bacteria, adhere to the tooth surface and multiply – a hyperactive immune system reacts to inflammation.

Periodontitis untreated will eventually lead to tooth loss, and may increase the risk of stroke, heart attack and other health problems. The plaque, a sticky, colorless membrane which develops on the surface of teeth, is the most common cause of periodontal disease.

In dentistry, periodontics deals with prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. There are eight dental specialties, and periodontics is one of them. If dental implants are desired, see a periodontist.

In most cases, periodontitis can be prevented. Usually it is caused by poor dental hygiene.

Difference between periodontitis and gingivitis

The gingivitis occurs before periodontitis. Usually gingivitis refers to inflammation of the gums, while means periodontitis gum disease and the destruction of tissue and / or bone. Initially, with gingivitis, plaque accumulates on the tooth surface, causing the gums redden and swell; teeth may bleed when brushed. Although the gums are irritated and annoyed, teeth are not loose. No irreversible damage to the bone or surrounding tissue.

If left untreated gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. With periodontitis, gums and bone are removed from the teeth, forming large holes or tunnels. Food debris collect in the spaces between the gums and teeth, and infect the area. The patient’s immune system attacks bacteria plate extending below the gumline. The bone and connective tissue that support the teeth begin to break – this is caused by toxins produced by the bacteria. The teeth become loose and fall out.

In short, the periodontitis involves irreversible changes in the supporting structures of the teeth, while gingivitis.

Signs and symptoms of periodontitis

A symptom is something that feels and describes the doctor, while a sign is something other people, including the doctor can see. For example, pain is a symptom while redness or swelling is a sign.

The signs and symptoms of periodontitis may include:

  • Swollen gums (swollen), inflammation of the gums is repeated
  • Red gums bright, sometimes purple
  • Sore gums when touched
  • The gums recede, making the teeth look longer
  • Some extra spaces appear between teeth
  • They may appear pus between teeth and gums
  • Bleeding when brushing
  • Bleeding while flossing
  • Metallic taste in mouth
  • Halitosis (bad breath)
  • Loose teeth
  • The patient’s bite feels different because the teeth do not fit the same way

Causes of periodontitis or periodontal disease

  • Dental plaque forms on the teeth – this is a pale yellow biofilm that develops naturally on the teeth. Can be formed by bacteria that try to attach to the smooth surface of the teeth.
  • Brushing releases the plate, but soon builds up again; in a day or two.
  • If not removed, after two or three days will harden into tartar. Tartar is much more difficult to remove than plaque. Removal of calculus requires a professional – you cannot do yourself.
  • The plaque may slowly and progressively damage the teeth and surrounding tissues. Initially, the patient may develop gingivitis – inflammation of the gum around the base of the teeth.
  • Persistent gingivitis can lead to developing exchanges between the teeth and gums. These bags are filled with bacteria.
  • Bacterial toxins and our immune system response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. Finally, the teeth begin to become loose and may even fall.

Risk factors for periodontitis

A risk factor is something that increases the risk of developing a condition or disease. The following risk factors are associated with an increased risk of periodontitis:

  • Smoking – Regular smokers are much more likely to develop gum problems. Smoking also undermines the effectiveness of treatments.
  • The hormonal changes in women – puberty, pregnancy and menopause are times in life when a woman’s hormones are unchanged. These changes increase the risk of developing gum disease.
  • Diabetes – patients living with diabetes have a much higher incidence of gum disease than people of the same age
  • AIDS – people with AIDS have more gum disease
  • Cancer – Cancer and some cancer treatments can usually more of a problem with gum disease
  • Some medications – some medications that reduce saliva are linked to the risk of gum disease.
  • Genetics – some people are more genetically susceptible to gum disease

Treatment for periodontitis

The main objective of the periodontist, dentist or dental hygienist in the treatment of periodontitis, is to clean the bacteria from the pockets around the teeth and prevent further destruction of bone and tissue.

For best results of treatment, patients should maintain good oral hygiene and proper care. This means brushing your teeth at least twice a day and floss once a day. If there is enough space between the teeth, one is recommended interdental brush. Arthritis patients and other people with dexterity problems may find that using an electric toothbrush is better for a thorough cleaning.

It is important that the patient understands that periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease (long-term) – this means that the oral hygiene should be maintained for life. This will also involve regular visits to the dentist or dental hygienist.

Initial treatment periodontitis

It is important to remove plaque and tartar to restore periodontal health.

The health professional will use clean (non-surgical) below the gumline. This procedure is called scaling and debridement. Sometimes you can use an ultrasound device.

Drugs periodontitis

  • Antimicrobial mouthwash – for example chlorhexidine. Helps control bacteria in the treatment of gum disease, and after surgery. Patients use it like a regular mouthwash.
  • Antiseptic – this is a small piece of gelatin filled with chlorhexidine. Controls bacteria and reduces the size of the periodontal pocket. This medicine is placed in the bag after root planing . The drug slowly closes the time.
  • Antibiotic Gel – a gel containing doxycycline, an antibiotic. This medicine controls bacteria and shrink periodontal pockets. Is placed in the pockets after scaling and root planing. It is a slow release drug.
  • Antibiotic Microspheres – are tiny particles containing minocycline, an antibiotic. It is also used to control bacteria and reduce the size of the periodontal pocket. They are placed in the pockets after scaling and root planing. It is also a slow release medication.
  • Enzyme suppressor – keeps destructive enzymes in check with a low dose of doxycycline. Some enzymes can break down gum tissue, this drug stops the body’s response to the enzymes. It can be taken orally in pill form, and is used with scaling and root planing.
  • Oral antibiotics – are found either in capsule or tablet form and is taken orally. They are used for short term treatment of acute periodontal infection or persistent home.

The types of periodontitis can take many forms, each with specific factors that contribute to its progression:

  • Aggressive periodontitis – This affects people in normal health, and increases rapidly causing bone loss and destruction of the attached gingiva.
  • Chronic periodontitis – is perhaps the most common form of periodontitis, which occurs primarily in adults, although anyone (regardless of age) can develop. Gingival inflammation, bone loss and increased gingival recession may progress more slowly than with other forms of periodontitis.
  • Periodontitis associated with systemic diseases – Systemic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes and certain types of arthritis, may have a correlation with periodontitis. Research suggests the connection between periodontitis and certain diseases may be due to a chronic inflammatory response, as this is common with many systemic conditions. Other theories suggest that microorganisms in the mouth are partly to blame.
  • The necrotizing periodontal disease – Necrosis is the death of the gum tissue, connective tissue and bone surrounding the teeth, causing lesions in the mouth. People with diseases such as HIV/AIDS, immunodeficiency disorders, and malnutrition often display this form of periodontitis.


The specialty of dentistry that studies the prevention and treatment of related tissues that support the teeth is called disease periodontics. Some of the periodontal diseases are best known periodontitis and gingivitis.

Among the world’s leading causes of tooth loss is precisely periodontitis. It is estimated that 75% of the world population suffers from it. It is a bacterial disease that directly affects the gums and bones that support the teeth. The first signs that represent that are suffering from periodontitis are redness of the gums, inflammation and bleeding them on while brushing. Other more serious symptoms are the mobility of the teeth along with gum recession and, in some cases, bad breath.

Besides the lack of dental hygiene, periodondititis can be caused or be associated with other diseases or conditions such as, for example, diabetes, myocardial infarction, pneumonia and premature birth. To combat the disease is necessary to eliminate the bacteria that cause it. This way for the progression of the disease and even sometimes you can recover some of the lost bone.

Causes of Periodontitis

The cause of periodontitis is bacteria. They are responsible for the gum disease. In the human mouth there are about 600 different types of bacteria and many are dangerous to the dental tissues. Bacteria in the mouth are placed on the teeth and gums and the well-known form plaque. For this reason it is so necessary to brush your teeth regularly.

Some people may be affected by the bacteria to a greater extent than others. This is because each individual is more or less sensitive to the bacteria due to their genetics.

Is it hereditary periodontitis?

Definitely yes. The disease is not transmitted from parents to children, but genetic predisposition is transmitted to allergies. The genetic predisposition to a disease does not mean the patient will suffer it, just that the chances are higher compared with those of a person who has no predisposition. It is very likely that people who suffer periodontitis, found that his family (parents and siblings) also suffer.

On the other hand, periodontitis is such a common disease (affects 3 out of 4) that downplayed the fact that it is hereditary. To prevent the disease, it is necessary to control plaque.

Does smoking affect the periodontitis?

Your dentist will probably be advised not to smoke or if you’re a smoker, miss. This is because, the snuff, although it may not cause gum disease directly, can increase the severity of periodontitis and other diseases of the mouth. It also reduces the effectiveness of treatment.

But, why the disease aggravates snuff? The snuff reduces the amount of blood reaching the tissues and gum and thus reduces the ability of defense against bacteria.

How periodontitis cure?

Keeping your mouth clean is always a help, so if you already have the disease and if you want to prevent it. The dental specialist should examine your case to treat the disease and he will decide what treatment is best for your case.


Overdenture prostheses which are compatible with and bind to the dental implant or root filled tooth, which are used to increase retention and support for the overdenture.

The patient who wants to have a implant supported overdenture, you need to visit your dentist to ensure that there is sufficient bone to install the implants, which are provided more frequently in areas where traditional accessories are less stable.

If you want to have a root-supported overdenture, must be checked to ensure that you have the required number of roots of good quality and have tooth roots that are free of infection and roots that have good root canals.

How overdentures work?

Depending on the needs of the patient, provide one of the two types of implant supported overdenture whether overdenture are retained by balls or bars retained by overdenture. Both types are made ​​from an acrylic base that is designed to resemble the gums and teeth of porcelain or acrylic to provide a natural tooth appearance.

Furthermore, the two types of implant retained overdentures need at least two dental implants to be installed in the jawbone in order to provide sufficient support for the overdenture.

Overdentures retained by balls possess a socket attached with up to five implants that have been placed in the mouth. Alternatively, the bars retained overdentures include a thin metal bar that follows the curve of the jaw, with the implants which remain in place by clips.

Typically, dental implants are placed overdenture in the anterior region of the mouth due to the fact that most times, more bone in this area, even if the teeth have been lost for a long period of time. Similarly, the lack of vital, such as nerves in the front of the mouth structure means that there is less likelihood of impact on dental implants vital structures.

What are the benefits of overdentures?

Overdentures work very well for patients who want the benefits of dental implants, but do not necessarily want to go through surgeries and bone grafts gums that normally require multiple tooth implants or unwilling to incur the time and cost involved by having multiple dental implants.

For the root of the tooth supported overdentures, the advantage of not removing the roots remaining in the mouth is allowed to stay proprioception remain and jaw bone around the roots and do not shrink over time, as is the case of dentures. The jaw bone then can be used in the future for the installation of dental implants should be required.

As an alternative to the traditional devices, the overdenture provide a high degree of stability , because they are attached to and supported by the installation of dental implants in the jawbone. So overdentures are much better compared to the retention of complete dentures.

This means that people who have previously been concerned that your teeth fall out or come loose may experience a better quality of life as a result.

Patients with overdentures have no problems with speech and can eat comfortably knowing that your dentures are securely fitted following the procedure and will not have to worry about the messy use of denture adhesives.

How long does the process of the overdenture?

Although the term may vary among individuals, it may take about three to six months, including implant surgeries and installation of the overdenture.

What is the process of overdenture?

The first step is for the patient to attend an initial consultation before starting treatment to make sure you qualify for overdentures. During this appointment, a professional dental clinic review medical and dental records and radiographs taken and impressions of the teeth to allow models to be created by the laboratory.

After this, you may be asked cone beam CT scan to make sure there is enough bone available for dental implants install and establish the exact location of the sinuses and nerves so that they can be avoided during the procedure.

The whole process may take about four visits to complete, and at this time a temporary to be used throughout the process will be created, which could be ideal for people who are concerned about their appearance.

The first operation involves the placement of implants in the jaw bone, where an incision in the gum in order to place the implant is made.

Following the initial procedure, it is vital to avoid putting pressure on the newly installed implants to speed healing time and limit the discomfort.

After the curing process is complete and the implants were merged with the jawbone, the second operation may be performed.

During this simpler procedure, the tops of the implants are revealed through a small incision in the gum, where a healing collar is placed to allow the gums to heal the right way and make room for fixing overdentures.

At the end of the process months, the teeth are fixed in the framework of the overdenture correctly, creating a new patient’s smile.

Care overdentures

For best results, patients should remove their overdentures night and perform a good cleaning to ensure that the fasteners remain in good condition for a long time. Implants also be cleaned regularly to prevent the occurrence of infection.

Patients should attend regular checkups after installing their overdenture to ensure that any treatment required routine maintenance is carried out when necessary.

Advantages and disadvantages of overdentures

In general, the life expectancy of an overdenture is quite good, and although the process is quite complicated, the benefits far outweigh the cost and time required. This is because the dentures are very stable and feel more like natural teeth normal dentures. They are also more retentive and help preserve the remaining bone. There is less pressure on the alveolar ridge with conventional dentures and patients generally feel much safer and can enjoy better health through the possibility of better nutrition.

The overdentures are more expensive than ordinary dentures, and require much more maintenance. At first, the denture may feel bulkier than a conventional prosthesis, but this feeling should pass quickly. The importance of good oral hygiene cannot be stressed enough with this type of prosthesis since cleaning is much more complicated and slow.


What is Orthodontics

The Orthodontics is the specialty of dentistry that focuses on correcting the position of the teeth and jaw. It also deals with the development of the maxilla and mandible.

Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontic treatment involves moving the teeth and bones that hold a gentle but steady and controlled manner. Performed only after making a diagnosis. It requires great skill on the part of the dentist.

Only a well-trained specialist can perform orthodontic treatment.

Benefits of Orthodontics

Orthodontics not only get you to look more beautiful smile. While it is true that most of the time is performed for aesthetic reasons, orthodontics also serves to improve masticatory function, help proper oral cleanliness, allowing greater durability of the teeth and of course, increase self-esteem.

Why not go straight teeth?

Some people have a perfectly aligned teeth without orthodontic never needed while others have crooked teeth from the moment they start to getting permanent teeth. Why?

Among the reasons that the teeth do not grow perfectly aligned are the following:

  • Soft food (decreases the size of the bones that support the teeth)
  • Vice infant sucking.
  • Premature loss of baby teeth.
  • Breathing with an open mouth.
  • Genetics.
  • Some gum disease.

Open bite

What is the open bite

Is an open bite malocclusion or incorrect dental misalignment in which two teeth are opposite. This malocclusion can be corrected by an orthodontist, a specialist who treats everything related to the growth and development of the face and how the teeth bite together and is able to make a diagnosis, intervention and treatment of any abnormal occlusion.

How to recognize an open bite? When a gap or space between the upper and lower bite or if it is looking in the mirror, you might be taking a case of open bite teeth is noticed.

Types of open bite

The open bite in orthodontics can be classified into three types:

  • Anterior open bite – there is no overlap between the opposing front teeth when the teeth are biting together
  • Posterior open bite – no space between the opposing posterior teeth when the teeth are biting together
  • Incomplete overbite – the lower front teeth do not touch the upper front teeth or the soft inner tissues of the mouth when teeth are biting together

Causes of open bite

Causes of anterior open bite

  • Like other types of malocclusion, open bite may be influenced by genetics and other external factors. In many cases, anterior open bite is due to several factors, making it difficult to determine the exact cause of the bite. The anterior open bite can occur by:
  • Having a long face due to bone growth
  • Thumb sucking habits and / or chewing during growth and hold an object
  • The habit of pushing the tongue can cause temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)

Causes of posterior open bite

Compared with anterior open bite, posterior open bite is rare so the cause is still not well understood. The posterior open bite may be caused by:

  • Lack of posterior teeth erupting
  • Intermediate eruption of posterior teeth

Problems with open bite

The main obvious reason why anyone would want to correct the open bite is for aesthetic reasons. An anterior open bite can affect a person’s smile and can have an effect on your self-esteem.

The open bite can also cause speech problems in some individuals, this is known with the name “lisp” a speech defect that involves pronouncing the ‘s’ as a ‘ce’.

Treatment of open bite

The correction may be performed using open bite three ways:

  • Validity open bite – In mild cases, the open bite can be corrected only making minor adjustments of the teeth. This correction of open bite also choose when severe malocclusion, but the patient does not want surgery
  • Use appliances and braces to correct open bite – when the patient is young and his bones are growing, growth can be used to pull the teeth back up and thus balance the bite. Depending on the severity, bite blocks and braces can be entered. However, the correction may not be permanent if the habits that initially cause open bite are not removed
  • With surgery – the surgery for open bite is considered when growth has slowed for adults who have serious problems with the open bite. Any other treatment would not give an aesthetic and stable result. Orthognathic surgery or corrective jaw may be a more permanent solution to an open bite, and other dental conditions that someone may have. This surgery involves placing the upper jaw in a new position and fixed in place with plates and screws. An orthodontic bracket is usually required after surgery to align the teeth. It is important to note that the entire process, including surgery and braces, can take several years to complete

How much money is the correction of the open bite?

The price of open bite treatment depends on the extent of treatment has been decided with the specialist. By placing devices may have to pay around 1100-4600 euros or more, while surgery to correct the open bite can cost far more money of 15,300 euros upwards, but the cost varies depending on the health and status.

Some insurance companies may cover the procedure, but not others, as sometimes it is considered that the procedure is to “aesthetic” purposes only. It is best to check with the insurance company before starting any treatment.

How to avoid open bite?

Because the open bite is caused by several factors, the absolute prevention may not be possible, but there are certain things you can do to minimize the risk of finding the bite problem.

  • Remove any habit of thumb sucking or tongue thrust and reduce dependence on the pacifier children. These habits are developed at an early age so it is advisable to monitor the children and try to break their habits if possible. After the sucking habit is stopped, open bite tends to resolve, but may take several years
  • It is best to correct the problem in time to avoid any complications that would make surgery the only remedy to fix open bite

Natural Remedies That Will Change Your Smile!

There are a variety of treatments and teeth whitening products. You can opt for a teeth whitening treatment in a clinic using laser or whitening gel, or you can use products in your home as whitening toothpastes and mouthwashes.

Here we propose natural remedies that can easily and comfortably at home:

Baking soda

In times of strawberries, you mix with baking soda. Strawberries are rich in malic acid, which remove stains caused by cigarettes, wine, cola or coffee. Try mixing the pulp of strawberries with a little baking soda and rub the mixture onto your teeth. Leave in the ointment for about 10 to 20 minutes later to brush your teeth thoroughly. Note that although the baking soda whitens teeth, it can erode the enamel layer, so you should not be repeated more than once this treatment twice a week.

Banana or orange peel

With the inside of a banana peel or rub orange teeth. Wait 10 minutes and brush your teeth well. Vitamins and minerals such as potassium and bromine containing these fruits on your skin, help whiten teeth.

Apple cider vinegar and lemon

Squeeze about 1/4 lemon and add 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar. Dip a brush or toothbrush itself in the mixture and apply it to your teeth, not to mention rinse mouth thoroughly to complete the process. The mixture can help remove stains caused by wine, coffee or nicotine. Note that excess acidity could erode the enamel of your teeth, so it’s not good to repeat more than once this treatment twice a week.

Coal dust

Oddly enough, the charcoal can help remove those pesky stains that can leave you in the teeth. Dip the toothbrush in a container with coal dust and brush your teeth normally. After completing the process, about 2 minutes, rinse well with warm water. Carbon is a material that absorbs the chemicals and toxins. It is capable of absorbing acid stains and fight bacteria and plaque thereby helping to whiten teeth.

Brush with salt

Enter toothbrush salt powder and performs the same procedure as in the previous cases. The salt absorbs and disinfects, so you can remove stains from wine or caffeine.

Gargle with coconut oil or olive oil

These oils are antibacterial oils rich in antioxidants and help in cleaning, disinfecting and stain removal on teeth. To use this remedy properly, add a few drops to brush teeth or gargle for a few minutes, rinsed well to complete the process. As a bonus tip, you can also add a little peppermint oil to disinfect.

Try these natural methods of teeth whitening and tell us which you have proved more effective!

Much does a dental implant

What is it worth to you spontaneously laugh out loud? What is it worth to you to feel confident when you smile at others? How much does a dental implant for you?

We’re going to have the cost of a dental implant, but it is worth, and how you can save up to 70% of the cost to do what we’re going to recommend, so read the full article.

You know what the difference between the cost of something vrs. The value of something? The cost refers to what you pay or you give in exchange for something and the value refers to the degree of usefulness of something to provide comfort or delight. The difference between the cost and value of anything we can perceive everywhere.

For example: you invite your partner to dinner on a Friday night and you spent about $ 100 on dinner, but eventually got a hug and a passionate kiss. Was it worth the cost, the value of that kiss? I think many would say yes, since the same is true for dental implants.

A dental implant in the United States can cost between $ 1,000 to $ 5,000 depediendo of the materials used, implant brand, additional procedures are required, the surgeon performing the surgery and the geographical location where it is performed. With the same purpose, the replacement of a complete denture can cost about $ 24,000 to $ 100,000 depending on all the above factors.

Now think,

How much is it for someone who has lost some teeth, able to regain the ability to be spontaneous to laugh without feeling bad about the spaces in your mouth?

How much is to eat everything without having to say no to delicious piece of meat because you cannot chew?

How much is to feel youthful again without fear of creating that look older because you lost one or more teeth?

The truth is that from personal experience, I know that when one has lost one or more teeth, fears and limitations I am expressing are real! And I also know, from experience, that would give anything to get my missing teeth and to feel as comfortable and free to laugh and eat as it was before … So I can say that all this does pay even $ 100,000 to recover a complete denture…

Now, I am also very clear that not because I forgive, I have such large amounts of money in my pocket to spend on dental implants … But what we have done now is to establish that it is worth making an investment in these implants both dental dreamed.

This is getting interesting … Did you know that in a Latin country, given the lower level of life, dental implants can get out between $ 800 to $ 2,500 each. If you calculate, this may represent up to 85% of the cost in the United States, but as you’ll travel expenses, if you add could be talking about a savings of 70% and including all costs!

Imagine if you have to make more than two or three dental implants, the savings can be significant and it might as well enjoy a holiday in the process! Are you interested? Well, we invite you to join the blog because we are publishing articles that might help you with travel arrangements for your dental implants.


Just as it is vital to instill good habits of dental hygiene in young children to grow strong and healthy teeth, adults also need fluoride to prevent cavities. As people age, their gums often are removed, exposing the vulnerable roots of the teeth. This area of the tooth is not protected by the hard enamel, and is especially susceptible to tooth decay, which can lead to tooth loss in severe cases. In fact, more than two thirds of adults aged 35 to 44 have lost at least one permanent tooth due to decay.

Mouthwash for dry mouth and tooth decay

Dry mouth is another disease that affects many adults. Medications and other conditions may reduce the amount of saliva produced by your body, which can result in an uncomfortable condition known as xerostomia .Xerostomia can lead to bad breath and oral discomfort and, in some cases, can lead to infections in the teeth. Dentists often recommend that patients with dry mouth or who are prone to cavities use a mouthwash without alcohol. The anti-cavity mouth rinse or elixir form part of a comprehensive program to protect the mouth against tooth decay and dry mouth.

Fast and efficient

Rinsing is one of the fastest and easy to keep your teeth healthy and strong and get a good ways dental cleaning. Used daily along with brushing and flossing, mouthwash can deliver the power of removal of bacteria on the surfaces of teeth to help prevent tooth decay, strengthen tooth enamel and protect roots teeth.

Benefits mouthwash

These some of the benefits you will get if you use mouthwash and brush plus floss.

  • Removes bacteria
  • Protects against caries
  • Eliminates bad breath
  • Sensation of coolness

Myths about Mouthwash

  • All mouthwashes are equal. This is false because the composition of each is different. They come with and without alcohol and each offers some distinct benefits.
  • Mouthwashes are harmless. False: Many mouthwashes contain a high amount of alcohol. This can cause dry mouth, which ironically is one of the causes of bad breath, and irritate oral tissues.
  • Cure bad breath. The mouthwash can help you have fresh breath but not a permanent solution.
  • Mouthwash replaces brushing. False is a complement.
  • Only a few gargles. You need to keep the elixir at least 30 seconds in the mouth.

Prices Mouthwash

Depending on the brand, the amount of rinse and place of purchase, price mouthwashes typically range from 4 years 15$.

Materials dental prosthesis

There are different types of materials that are puden make dentures. In the case of implants, for example, are usually made of titanium that is a biocompatible material. Dental veneers for example, are usually resin or porcelain. Dependiento the type of prosthesis is to be fitted, the patient and dentist’s suggestion, there are several materials that can be used to perform dentures.

Titanium implants

Titanium implants have been a revolutionary material in the industry of dentistry. Are a good choice as the material because they allow osseointegration, ie fuse with the bone so that they are anchored to the same without moving. This type of implant does not usually cause problems and allow the placement of a porcelain crown that is very similar to real teeth (they are aesthetically much better).

Besides the aesthetic and osseointegration of titanium implants work perfectly in their roles, ie let smile and chew without problems and are very comfortable. Another major advantage is that, being subject within the bone, do not require other teeth to hold, and therefore it is not necessary to cut teeth.

Prosthesis composite

The composite is a material used for the realization of dental prostheses, such as dental veneers. Tamibén are used for fillings for cavities.

In the case of the use of the composite as a material for making dental veneers, there are a number of advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, it is a lot cheaper than porcelain material. The resemblance with real teeth is awesome so it’s a good aesthetic solution in cases where porcelain unusable for economic reasons. Furthermore, the duration of this material is approximately 7 years and eventually loses color.

Porcelain prosthesis

Porcelain is an extremely durable material used in creating dental crowns, veneers, and in some cases for reconstruction of teeth. Its advantages include the fact that it is far more durable than composite (can last up to 15 years) and, over time, do not lose or change color.

This is a very interesting material for realization of dentures because it enables to select the color and shape so that the prosthesis as possible resembles the patient’s teeth. Among the disadvantages found that has a higher price than the composite, which undoubtedly means for their quality and durability.

Ceramic prostheses should be made by professionals as it is an aesthetic element that will be with us for many years and to which the beauty of your smile.

Malocclusion of Teeth

Occlusion is a term used to refer to the alignment of teeth. The great thing would be that the teeth would fit easily inside the mouth without crowding or spaces. Furthermore, none of the teeth should be bent. The teeth of the upper jaw slightly overlap the teeth of the lower jaw so that the molar points fit on opposite molars.

A deviation from ideal occlusion is called malocclusion. If the teeth are misaligned, they will not be able to perform vital functions for which they are designed and can cause problems in oral health. Is required alignment of the upper teeth to prevent the cheeks and lips suffer injuries due to bites, while the alignment of the lower teeth is needed to protect the language.

In more colloquial terms, the malocclusion of the teeth is also known as: crowded teeth, misaligned teeth, crossbite, overbite, open bite or bite.

What causes malocclusion?

The typical malocclusion is transmitted through heredity, which means it is passed from one generation to the next. Statistics indicate that only 30 to 40 percent of the population has perfectly aligned teeth.

Although in most cases, malocclusion is inherited, there are some conditions or habits that can alter the shape and structure of the jaw.

Here are some examples of bad habits that cause malocclusion:

  • Cleft lip and cleft palate.
  • Using a pacifier after age three.
  • Prolonged use of bottle-feeding in infancy.
  • Thumb sucking in infancy.
  • Injuries that occur misalignment in the jaw.
  • Tumors of the mouth or jaw.
  • Abnormally shaped or impacted teeth.
  • Poor dental care.

What are the symptoms of a malocclusion?

Depending on the classification of malocclusion, the symptoms of the disease may be mild or severe. The most typical symptoms of malocclusion are:

  • The misalignment of teeth.
  • Alteration in the appearance of the face.
  • Discomfort when chewing or biting.
  • Speech problems, including the development of a lisp.
  • Breathing through the mouth instead of the nose.

Diagnosis and classification of malocclusion

Malocclusion of teeth diagnosed through routine dental exams. Your dentist can examine your teeth dental x-rays to determine if your teeth are properly aligned or otherwise deals with problems that can present this malocclusion. If malocclusion finally detected, it can be classified by type and severity.

There are three different classes of malocclusion:

  • Class I: when the upper teeth overlap the lower. In this type of malocclusion, the bite is normal and overlap is slight.
  • Class II: when there. retrognathism This condition occurs when the upper teeth and jaw, significantly overlap the lower teeth and jaw.
  • Class III: when there is undershot. This means that the lower jaw protrudes, which causes the lower teeth with the upper teeth and jaws overlap.

How is a malocclusion of the teeth treated?

Most patients with mild malocclusion no treatment is required. However, if the malocclusion is serious, the dentist will recommend the use of orthodontics. Depending on your type of malocclusion, orthodontics may include:

  • Orthotics to correct the position of the teeth.
  • Extraction of teeth to correct overcrowding.
  • Remodeling of teeth.
  • Surgery to remodel, shorten and correct the jaw.
  • Wires or plates to stabilize the jaw bone.

How can I prevent malocclusion?

Since most cases of malocclusion are inherited, prevent this disorder can be tricky. The only thing parents can do is to limit pacifier use and bottle, to help reduce the changes that may occur in the development of the jaw. Early detection of malocclusion helpsto reduce the duration of treatment necessary in correcting the problem.