Home remedies for sensitive teeth

If taking a cold drink or biting a hot meal makes you feel pain, then you may have sensitive teeth. Also known as hypersensitive dentin, sensitive teeth are characterized by a sharp pain that causes you to carry your hand to the mouth to cushion your tooth. Damage to the nerve or the usual wear and tear on the teeth may promote this condition, but the root cause is usually loss of enamel or gingival recession. Fortunately, there are several home remedies for sensitive teeth.

Toothpaste to desensitize

Try brushing with a commercial toothpaste formulated to defensible the teeth. These pastes contain strontium chloride or potassium nitrate as an active ingredient. Either helps block the sensation of discomfort from traveling from the tooth to the nerve. Although these pastes cannot replace enamel loss or compensate for gum recession, their active ingredients accumulate in the tubule-like channels in your dentin and act as a temporary fill.

Treatment for the night

In addition to brushing regularly with desensitizing toothpaste, it sometimes helps to spread a little of the same paste over sensitive areas just before bedtime. The secret of success is to avoid the traditional use of rinsing to let the dough work while you sleep. According to Dental Health Magazine, practicing this habit every night will significantly reduce the sensitivity of your teeth in a few weeks.

Brush yourself more often

This home remedy is simple enough, but its effectiveness cannot be overemphasized. Ideally, you should brush your teeth at least twice a day, especially after meals and before going to bed. The main reason for doing this is to remove the plaque before it has a chance to harden and promote cavities. However, during the time between meals, drinks and brushing your teeth, plaque releases an acid that increases the sensitivity of your teeth even more.

Choose something soft

It is tempting to think that a hard bristle toothbrush will do a better job of cleaning your teeth. The same can be said of the application of excess pressure. The truth is that hard washing or using a hard bristle brush can damage the enamel and cause the gum to recede leading to the sensitivity of the teeth. So opt for a soft bristle toothbrush and let the instrument do its work without using too much force.

Floss your teeth regularly

If you have enough floss in the medicine cabinet of your bathroom to go around the world three times, then it is time to use it more often. Spinning the thread regularly after brushing helps remove any residue that the toothbrush cannot reach. Unless you remove it, you will get hard plaque in less than 72 hours and only the dentist can remove it. Meanwhile, the plaque will irritate your teeth and cause sensitivity.

Food for an infant of teething age?

If your baby seems to be more restless, a little more likely to drool and much more prone to biting things than usual may be popping his teeth. The teething process begins for babies 3 to 12 months old and causes pain, tenderness of the gums to your little one. There are many foods that can help alleviate your baby’s discomfort, but you know your child’s diet better than anyone else, so be sure to keep food appropriate for the teething age.

Keep it cool

Regardless of the type of food you give your baby to help you through the process of teething, keeping cold food helps relieve gum pain. Before giving your baby anything to eat or chew, cool until cool to the touch. Avoid freezing teething aids for your babies, however, as extreme cold can damage your baby’s gums. Cool them, whether edible or non-edible, in the refrigerator of your house.

Solid

If your baby eats solid foods, try giving her a fruit or vegetable that is safe for gnawing without drowning, such as a large whole carrot or a peeled, refrigerated cucumber. Teething cookies can also help, depending on the comfort of your baby and the level of safety with the hardest solid foods. If you give your baby solid cold, watch it while chewing; broken pieces of food when chewed can put your child at risk of suffocation if not under careful supervision.

Other meals

If your baby eats soft foods, chill them before feeding to help ease teething pain. Chilled yogurt, banana puree, applesauce and other fruit purées and fruit jams are good allies. Although towels are not edible, wrapping an ice cube in a clean cloth and gently rubbing it on your baby’s gums for a few minutes helps relieve the pain. Avoid using the ice cubes directly on the gums, however, as it could be too cold.

Things to consider

Acetaminophen and ibuprofen to relieve pain and homeopathic teething tablets may also help relieve gum pain, but avoid benzocaine products, as they may, on rare occasions, cause blood-related health complications in the babies. Consult your doctor before administering painkillers, even over-the-counter variety. Avoid rubbing brandy, whiskey or any other type of alcohol on your baby’s gums.

How to make natural toothpaste

Making your own toothpaste can be not only fun and chemical free, but it can also save you money. In fact, you can make a supply of toothpaste for a family of four for a year for less than $ 10. Toothpaste may not have fun colors and flavors, but it can be a healthy and affordable alternative to commercial toothpaste, and you can have choices of different flavors. Most of the items you need can be purchased fairly easily.

Instructions

How to make natural toothpaste

  1. Pour 6 teaspoons of baking soda into a small, clean container that has a lid and is easy to store. Sodium bicarbonate neutralizes odors and works effectively as a tooth whitening agent.
  2. Add 1/3 teaspoon of sea salt to the bowl. The salt is abrasive and adds flavor to the toothpaste. The abrasive salt can help act as small scrubbers to help clean the teeth. Sea salt is better because it is less processed and has no added iodine. Salt is very good for teeth and gums as it is astringent and helps to stop bacteria. Salt also acts as a cleaning agent.
  3. Combine 4 teaspoons of glycerin with the dry ingredients and blend until a paste is formed. Glycerin helps add consistency to home-made toothpaste and acts as a natural sweetener. It also helps prevent toothpaste from drying out.
  4. Use an essential oil to add a flavor of your choice of homemade pasta. Mix 10 to 12 drops of mint (peppermint), cinnamon, clove, orange or any flavor you decide on in your pasta. Some essential oils can serve medicinal purposes and help kill bacteria and germs. The tea tree, geranium and lemon can help with gingivitis. Clove oil, peppermint, wintergreen and cinnamon help to freshen the breath and can help kill germs.

Tips & Warnings

  • Some sea salts can be expensive, so you can buy fine salt at your local store.
  • Check your local health food store to find the right prices on essential oils.
  • Glycerin can be purchased at your local pharmacy for about $ 5 for a small bottle.
  • Place the lid of the container tightly and store in a safe and dry place.
  • If you have dental problems and are prone to cavities, consult your dentist. Homemade toothpaste does not contain fluoride, which can cause teeth to resist cavities.

Does brushing your teeth with baking soda make them whiter?

A toothbrush and some baking soda make your teeth whiter. Many things stain your teeth and there are different ways to remove different types of blemishes. These can occur on the outside or inside the tooth. No type of brushing can remove stains that have formed from inside the tooth. But brushing them with baking soda or using toothpaste with baking soda can remove stains from the surface of your teeth.

Spots that bicarbonate can remove

The spots on the surface of the teeth can be caused by poor oral hygiene or by tobacco, food, beverages, medications or a combination of all of them. Brushing your teeth with baking soda can remove the surface stains from your teeth. Mixing baking soda with water forms a slightly abrasive paste and when combined with brushing, both act on surface stains.

Spots that bicarbonate cannot remove

Inner tooth stains can be caused by excess fluoride, tetracycline (an antibiotic), genetic causes or unknown events. The brushing does not reach the interior of the teeth and has no effect on these types of stains, no matter what the brush. Persistent stains, such as those caused by tobacco, can be professionally removed by the dentist or dental hygienist on a cleansing appointment and cannot be removed with common brushing. The cavities can also cause your teeth to stain and these spots are not affected by brushing. The spots in the cavities can be white and calcareous or gray, brown and black.

Sodium bicarbonate and toothpaste

Toothpaste polishez teeth to clean them. The ingredients in the toothpaste include fluoride to make the teeth more resistant to the cavities and the flavoring provides a fresh taste. Abrasives such as baking soda are added to toothpaste to help remove stains and brighten teeth. Abrasive ingredients can cause tooth sensitivity if they are too strong for teeth. If your teeth become sensitive after using homemade or commercial baking soda, stop using it and talk to your dentist.

The proper brushing technique

Brushing with baking soda or a mixture of pasta and baking soda requires that you use a proper brushing technique to remove stains effectively. Brush your teeth at least once in the morning and once in the afternoon with a soft bristle brush with baking soda and a slight pressure. Accommodate the brush at a 45-degree angle with the gum line and use light circular strokes. Then roll the brush to the surface of the wheels. When brushing the surface of the molars, you can make a movement from front to back.

Porcelain Inlays

What are porcelain inlays

Dental inlays are indirect fillings used to recreate the anatomy and function of the tooth after being deleted or lost part. Scale can be made ​​of porcelain, composite resin, or even gold. The purpose of inlays and onlays strengthen teeth or replace old or damaged fillings. One of the main benefits of porcelain inlays and onlays is that they provide a highly aesthetic natural look, especially compared to metal fillings. Another advantage is that they are extremely durable, capable of lasting for decades.

Porcelain inlays

The scale is placed on the damaged or decayed teeth, on the upper surfaces of the teeth. Two visits to the dentist are required for the correct placement of the inlay. During the first visit, the dentist will take detailed impressions of the affected tooth after caries removal and places a temporary inlay on the tooth itself. The impression is sent to a lab, where the embedding of the exact measurements of the tooth is made.

On the second visit, the temporary inlay is replaced by the permanent porcelain inlay. Patients can return to work immediately after the procedure.

Porcelain inlays, once in place, are firmly attached to the tooth and can greatly reduce the risk of bacteria forming in the tooth, causing tooth decay.

Porcelain onlays

Unlike inlays, onlays porcelain are placed on the tops of teeth. The onlays are placed in a very similar way to the inlays, which requires two visits to the dentist. They are also considered a type of indirect restoration, since they are made ​​by hand in the dental laboratory. On the first visit, we make impressions of teeth, which are sent to a laboratory where they were manufactured. As expected the final piece, the dentist places a temporary onlay in the tooth. During the second visit, the temporary onlay is replaced with a permanent piece, high strength dental porcelain. In this process the experience of the specialist that manufactures porcelain inlays and is as important natural looking dental coatings work as dentist in your placement. Therefore, the communication between the cosmetic dentist and specialist in porcelain to create the final piece is vital.

Advantages of porcelain inlays

The color of the material used to make the porcelain inlays make them ideal for creating a natural environment, achieving the effect of an aesthetically pleasing and perfect smile.

They also help patients avoid more invasive dental procedures in the future, i.e. crowns and dental bridges or implants. Other advantages of porcelain inlays and onlays, if done correctly, are:

  • Better contour to the affected tooth, resulting in a healthy gingiva.
  • Less impact of food.
  • Extremely durable, high strength compared to white fillings.
  • Matching exceptional color and translucency mimicking the natural tooth.
  • Less bacterial leakage due to a higher setting.
  • Less wear bite compared to white fillings, in which there is severe wear and tear due to the force of the bite.
  • If manufactured and placed correctly, porcelain inlays feel and function like natural teeth.
  • They are resistant to stains.
  • Porcelain inserts are very strong and have united once, add significant force in the decayed tooth.

A skilled cosmetic dentist is capable of combining with porcelain inlays porcelain veneers to preserve the structure of the patient’s teeth and improve the bite. Porcelain inlays and fillings fit like puzzle pieces on the tooth, providing health, beauty, functionality and durability damaged teeth.

Differences between dental fillings and inlays

A filling is made of a resin putty is placed in a single cavity and cured with a special light or laser. Porcelain inlays are manufactured as hard inserts that are typically included in the larger cavities and areas where there is less tooth structure. Fouling adhere to the relevant place stopping tooth decay and the surrounding environment. A more stable structure is achieved, and look like natural teeth. In addition, a filling is a direct restoration, which means to do in an office visit. Porcelain inlays are considered indirect restorations and require special laboratory and a skilled potter who manufactures them so they can be placed on a second visit.

Periodontitis

What is periodontitis or periodontal disease

Periodontitis or periodontal disease means “inflammation around the tooth” – is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and bone that supports the tooth. All periodontal diseases such as periodontitis, are infections that affect the periodontium. The periodontium is the tissue around a tooth supporting tissues of the tooth. With periodontitis, alveolar bone around the teeth is lost slowly and progressively. Microorganisms, such as bacteria, adhere to the tooth surface and multiply – a hyperactive immune system reacts to inflammation.

Periodontitis untreated will eventually lead to tooth loss, and may increase the risk of stroke, heart attack and other health problems. The plaque, a sticky, colorless membrane which develops on the surface of teeth, is the most common cause of periodontal disease.

In dentistry, periodontics deals with prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. There are eight dental specialties, and periodontics is one of them. If dental implants are desired, see a periodontist.

In most cases, periodontitis can be prevented. Usually it is caused by poor dental hygiene.

Difference between periodontitis and gingivitis

The gingivitis occurs before periodontitis. Usually gingivitis refers to inflammation of the gums, while means periodontitis gum disease and the destruction of tissue and / or bone. Initially, with gingivitis, plaque accumulates on the tooth surface, causing the gums redden and swell; teeth may bleed when brushed. Although the gums are irritated and annoyed, teeth are not loose. No irreversible damage to the bone or surrounding tissue.

If left untreated gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. With periodontitis, gums and bone are removed from the teeth, forming large holes or tunnels. Food debris collect in the spaces between the gums and teeth, and infect the area. The patient’s immune system attacks bacteria plate extending below the gumline. The bone and connective tissue that support the teeth begin to break – this is caused by toxins produced by the bacteria. The teeth become loose and fall out.

In short, the periodontitis involves irreversible changes in the supporting structures of the teeth, while gingivitis.

Signs and symptoms of periodontitis

A symptom is something that feels and describes the doctor, while a sign is something other people, including the doctor can see. For example, pain is a symptom while redness or swelling is a sign.

The signs and symptoms of periodontitis may include:

  • Swollen gums (swollen), inflammation of the gums is repeated
  • Red gums bright, sometimes purple
  • Sore gums when touched
  • The gums recede, making the teeth look longer
  • Some extra spaces appear between teeth
  • They may appear pus between teeth and gums
  • Bleeding when brushing
  • Bleeding while flossing
  • Metallic taste in mouth
  • Halitosis (bad breath)
  • Loose teeth
  • The patient’s bite feels different because the teeth do not fit the same way

Causes of periodontitis or periodontal disease

  • Dental plaque forms on the teeth – this is a pale yellow biofilm that develops naturally on the teeth. Can be formed by bacteria that try to attach to the smooth surface of the teeth.
  • Brushing releases the plate, but soon builds up again; in a day or two.
  • If not removed, after two or three days will harden into tartar. Tartar is much more difficult to remove than plaque. Removal of calculus requires a professional – you cannot do yourself.
  • The plaque may slowly and progressively damage the teeth and surrounding tissues. Initially, the patient may develop gingivitis – inflammation of the gum around the base of the teeth.
  • Persistent gingivitis can lead to developing exchanges between the teeth and gums. These bags are filled with bacteria.
  • Bacterial toxins and our immune system response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. Finally, the teeth begin to become loose and may even fall.

Risk factors for periodontitis

A risk factor is something that increases the risk of developing a condition or disease. The following risk factors are associated with an increased risk of periodontitis:

  • Smoking – Regular smokers are much more likely to develop gum problems. Smoking also undermines the effectiveness of treatments.
  • The hormonal changes in women – puberty, pregnancy and menopause are times in life when a woman’s hormones are unchanged. These changes increase the risk of developing gum disease.
  • Diabetes – patients living with diabetes have a much higher incidence of gum disease than people of the same age
  • AIDS – people with AIDS have more gum disease
  • Cancer – Cancer and some cancer treatments can usually more of a problem with gum disease
  • Some medications – some medications that reduce saliva are linked to the risk of gum disease.
  • Genetics – some people are more genetically susceptible to gum disease

Treatment for periodontitis

The main objective of the periodontist, dentist or dental hygienist in the treatment of periodontitis, is to clean the bacteria from the pockets around the teeth and prevent further destruction of bone and tissue.

For best results of treatment, patients should maintain good oral hygiene and proper care. This means brushing your teeth at least twice a day and floss once a day. If there is enough space between the teeth, one is recommended interdental brush. Arthritis patients and other people with dexterity problems may find that using an electric toothbrush is better for a thorough cleaning.

It is important that the patient understands that periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease (long-term) – this means that the oral hygiene should be maintained for life. This will also involve regular visits to the dentist or dental hygienist.

Initial treatment periodontitis

It is important to remove plaque and tartar to restore periodontal health.

The health professional will use clean (non-surgical) below the gumline. This procedure is called scaling and debridement. Sometimes you can use an ultrasound device.

Drugs periodontitis

  • Antimicrobial mouthwash – for example chlorhexidine. Helps control bacteria in the treatment of gum disease, and after surgery. Patients use it like a regular mouthwash.
  • Antiseptic – this is a small piece of gelatin filled with chlorhexidine. Controls bacteria and reduces the size of the periodontal pocket. This medicine is placed in the bag after root planing . The drug slowly closes the time.
  • Antibiotic Gel – a gel containing doxycycline, an antibiotic. This medicine controls bacteria and shrink periodontal pockets. Is placed in the pockets after scaling and root planing. It is a slow release drug.
  • Antibiotic Microspheres – are tiny particles containing minocycline, an antibiotic. It is also used to control bacteria and reduce the size of the periodontal pocket. They are placed in the pockets after scaling and root planing. It is also a slow release medication.
  • Enzyme suppressor – keeps destructive enzymes in check with a low dose of doxycycline. Some enzymes can break down gum tissue, this drug stops the body’s response to the enzymes. It can be taken orally in pill form, and is used with scaling and root planing.
  • Oral antibiotics – are found either in capsule or tablet form and is taken orally. They are used for short term treatment of acute periodontal infection or persistent home.

The types of periodontitis can take many forms, each with specific factors that contribute to its progression:

  • Aggressive periodontitis – This affects people in normal health, and increases rapidly causing bone loss and destruction of the attached gingiva.
  • Chronic periodontitis – is perhaps the most common form of periodontitis, which occurs primarily in adults, although anyone (regardless of age) can develop. Gingival inflammation, bone loss and increased gingival recession may progress more slowly than with other forms of periodontitis.
  • Periodontitis associated with systemic diseases – Systemic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes and certain types of arthritis, may have a correlation with periodontitis. Research suggests the connection between periodontitis and certain diseases may be due to a chronic inflammatory response, as this is common with many systemic conditions. Other theories suggest that microorganisms in the mouth are partly to blame.
  • The necrotizing periodontal disease – Necrosis is the death of the gum tissue, connective tissue and bone surrounding the teeth, causing lesions in the mouth. People with diseases such as HIV/AIDS, immunodeficiency disorders, and malnutrition often display this form of periodontitis.

Periodontics

The specialty of dentistry that studies the prevention and treatment of related tissues that support the teeth is called disease periodontics. Some of the periodontal diseases are best known periodontitis and gingivitis.

Among the world’s leading causes of tooth loss is precisely periodontitis. It is estimated that 75% of the world population suffers from it. It is a bacterial disease that directly affects the gums and bones that support the teeth. The first signs that represent that are suffering from periodontitis are redness of the gums, inflammation and bleeding them on while brushing. Other more serious symptoms are the mobility of the teeth along with gum recession and, in some cases, bad breath.

Besides the lack of dental hygiene, periodondititis can be caused or be associated with other diseases or conditions such as, for example, diabetes, myocardial infarction, pneumonia and premature birth. To combat the disease is necessary to eliminate the bacteria that cause it. This way for the progression of the disease and even sometimes you can recover some of the lost bone.

Causes of Periodontitis

The cause of periodontitis is bacteria. They are responsible for the gum disease. In the human mouth there are about 600 different types of bacteria and many are dangerous to the dental tissues. Bacteria in the mouth are placed on the teeth and gums and the well-known form plaque. For this reason it is so necessary to brush your teeth regularly.

Some people may be affected by the bacteria to a greater extent than others. This is because each individual is more or less sensitive to the bacteria due to their genetics.

Is it hereditary periodontitis?

Definitely yes. The disease is not transmitted from parents to children, but genetic predisposition is transmitted to allergies. The genetic predisposition to a disease does not mean the patient will suffer it, just that the chances are higher compared with those of a person who has no predisposition. It is very likely that people who suffer periodontitis, found that his family (parents and siblings) also suffer.

On the other hand, periodontitis is such a common disease (affects 3 out of 4) that downplayed the fact that it is hereditary. To prevent the disease, it is necessary to control plaque.

Does smoking affect the periodontitis?

Your dentist will probably be advised not to smoke or if you’re a smoker, miss. This is because, the snuff, although it may not cause gum disease directly, can increase the severity of periodontitis and other diseases of the mouth. It also reduces the effectiveness of treatment.

But, why the disease aggravates snuff? The snuff reduces the amount of blood reaching the tissues and gum and thus reduces the ability of defense against bacteria.

How periodontitis cure?

Keeping your mouth clean is always a help, so if you already have the disease and if you want to prevent it. The dental specialist should examine your case to treat the disease and he will decide what treatment is best for your case.

Overdentures

Overdenture prostheses which are compatible with and bind to the dental implant or root filled tooth, which are used to increase retention and support for the overdenture.

The patient who wants to have a implant supported overdenture, you need to visit your dentist to ensure that there is sufficient bone to install the implants, which are provided more frequently in areas where traditional accessories are less stable.

If you want to have a root-supported overdenture, must be checked to ensure that you have the required number of roots of good quality and have tooth roots that are free of infection and roots that have good root canals.

How overdentures work?

Depending on the needs of the patient, provide one of the two types of implant supported overdenture whether overdenture are retained by balls or bars retained by overdenture. Both types are made ​​from an acrylic base that is designed to resemble the gums and teeth of porcelain or acrylic to provide a natural tooth appearance.

Furthermore, the two types of implant retained overdentures need at least two dental implants to be installed in the jawbone in order to provide sufficient support for the overdenture.

Overdentures retained by balls possess a socket attached with up to five implants that have been placed in the mouth. Alternatively, the bars retained overdentures include a thin metal bar that follows the curve of the jaw, with the implants which remain in place by clips.

Typically, dental implants are placed overdenture in the anterior region of the mouth due to the fact that most times, more bone in this area, even if the teeth have been lost for a long period of time. Similarly, the lack of vital, such as nerves in the front of the mouth structure means that there is less likelihood of impact on dental implants vital structures.

What are the benefits of overdentures?

Overdentures work very well for patients who want the benefits of dental implants, but do not necessarily want to go through surgeries and bone grafts gums that normally require multiple tooth implants or unwilling to incur the time and cost involved by having multiple dental implants.

For the root of the tooth supported overdentures, the advantage of not removing the roots remaining in the mouth is allowed to stay proprioception remain and jaw bone around the roots and do not shrink over time, as is the case of dentures. The jaw bone then can be used in the future for the installation of dental implants should be required.

As an alternative to the traditional devices, the overdenture provide a high degree of stability , because they are attached to and supported by the installation of dental implants in the jawbone. So overdentures are much better compared to the retention of complete dentures.

This means that people who have previously been concerned that your teeth fall out or come loose may experience a better quality of life as a result.

Patients with overdentures have no problems with speech and can eat comfortably knowing that your dentures are securely fitted following the procedure and will not have to worry about the messy use of denture adhesives.

How long does the process of the overdenture?

Although the term may vary among individuals, it may take about three to six months, including implant surgeries and installation of the overdenture.

What is the process of overdenture?

The first step is for the patient to attend an initial consultation before starting treatment to make sure you qualify for overdentures. During this appointment, a professional dental clinic review medical and dental records and radiographs taken and impressions of the teeth to allow models to be created by the laboratory.

After this, you may be asked cone beam CT scan to make sure there is enough bone available for dental implants install and establish the exact location of the sinuses and nerves so that they can be avoided during the procedure.

The whole process may take about four visits to complete, and at this time a temporary to be used throughout the process will be created, which could be ideal for people who are concerned about their appearance.

The first operation involves the placement of implants in the jaw bone, where an incision in the gum in order to place the implant is made.

Following the initial procedure, it is vital to avoid putting pressure on the newly installed implants to speed healing time and limit the discomfort.

After the curing process is complete and the implants were merged with the jawbone, the second operation may be performed.

During this simpler procedure, the tops of the implants are revealed through a small incision in the gum, where a healing collar is placed to allow the gums to heal the right way and make room for fixing overdentures.

At the end of the process months, the teeth are fixed in the framework of the overdenture correctly, creating a new patient’s smile.

Care overdentures

For best results, patients should remove their overdentures night and perform a good cleaning to ensure that the fasteners remain in good condition for a long time. Implants also be cleaned regularly to prevent the occurrence of infection.

Patients should attend regular checkups after installing their overdenture to ensure that any treatment required routine maintenance is carried out when necessary.

Advantages and disadvantages of overdentures

In general, the life expectancy of an overdenture is quite good, and although the process is quite complicated, the benefits far outweigh the cost and time required. This is because the dentures are very stable and feel more like natural teeth normal dentures. They are also more retentive and help preserve the remaining bone. There is less pressure on the alveolar ridge with conventional dentures and patients generally feel much safer and can enjoy better health through the possibility of better nutrition.

The overdentures are more expensive than ordinary dentures, and require much more maintenance. At first, the denture may feel bulkier than a conventional prosthesis, but this feeling should pass quickly. The importance of good oral hygiene cannot be stressed enough with this type of prosthesis since cleaning is much more complicated and slow.

Orthodontics

What is Orthodontics

The Orthodontics is the specialty of dentistry that focuses on correcting the position of the teeth and jaw. It also deals with the development of the maxilla and mandible.

Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontic treatment involves moving the teeth and bones that hold a gentle but steady and controlled manner. Performed only after making a diagnosis. It requires great skill on the part of the dentist.

Only a well-trained specialist can perform orthodontic treatment.

Benefits of Orthodontics

Orthodontics not only get you to look more beautiful smile. While it is true that most of the time is performed for aesthetic reasons, orthodontics also serves to improve masticatory function, help proper oral cleanliness, allowing greater durability of the teeth and of course, increase self-esteem.

Why not go straight teeth?

Some people have a perfectly aligned teeth without orthodontic never needed while others have crooked teeth from the moment they start to getting permanent teeth. Why?

Among the reasons that the teeth do not grow perfectly aligned are the following:

  • Soft food (decreases the size of the bones that support the teeth)
  • Vice infant sucking.
  • Premature loss of baby teeth.
  • Breathing with an open mouth.
  • Genetics.
  • Some gum disease.

Open bite

What is the open bite

Is an open bite malocclusion or incorrect dental misalignment in which two teeth are opposite. This malocclusion can be corrected by an orthodontist, a specialist who treats everything related to the growth and development of the face and how the teeth bite together and is able to make a diagnosis, intervention and treatment of any abnormal occlusion.

How to recognize an open bite? When a gap or space between the upper and lower bite or if it is looking in the mirror, you might be taking a case of open bite teeth is noticed.

Types of open bite

The open bite in orthodontics can be classified into three types:

  • Anterior open bite – there is no overlap between the opposing front teeth when the teeth are biting together
  • Posterior open bite – no space between the opposing posterior teeth when the teeth are biting together
  • Incomplete overbite – the lower front teeth do not touch the upper front teeth or the soft inner tissues of the mouth when teeth are biting together

Causes of open bite

Causes of anterior open bite

  • Like other types of malocclusion, open bite may be influenced by genetics and other external factors. In many cases, anterior open bite is due to several factors, making it difficult to determine the exact cause of the bite. The anterior open bite can occur by:
  • Having a long face due to bone growth
  • Thumb sucking habits and / or chewing during growth and hold an object
  • The habit of pushing the tongue can cause temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)

Causes of posterior open bite

Compared with anterior open bite, posterior open bite is rare so the cause is still not well understood. The posterior open bite may be caused by:

  • Lack of posterior teeth erupting
  • Intermediate eruption of posterior teeth

Problems with open bite

The main obvious reason why anyone would want to correct the open bite is for aesthetic reasons. An anterior open bite can affect a person’s smile and can have an effect on your self-esteem.

The open bite can also cause speech problems in some individuals, this is known with the name “lisp” a speech defect that involves pronouncing the ‘s’ as a ‘ce’.

Treatment of open bite

The correction may be performed using open bite three ways:

  • Validity open bite – In mild cases, the open bite can be corrected only making minor adjustments of the teeth. This correction of open bite also choose when severe malocclusion, but the patient does not want surgery
  • Use appliances and braces to correct open bite – when the patient is young and his bones are growing, growth can be used to pull the teeth back up and thus balance the bite. Depending on the severity, bite blocks and braces can be entered. However, the correction may not be permanent if the habits that initially cause open bite are not removed
  • With surgery – the surgery for open bite is considered when growth has slowed for adults who have serious problems with the open bite. Any other treatment would not give an aesthetic and stable result. Orthognathic surgery or corrective jaw may be a more permanent solution to an open bite, and other dental conditions that someone may have. This surgery involves placing the upper jaw in a new position and fixed in place with plates and screws. An orthodontic bracket is usually required after surgery to align the teeth. It is important to note that the entire process, including surgery and braces, can take several years to complete

How much money is the correction of the open bite?

The price of open bite treatment depends on the extent of treatment has been decided with the specialist. By placing devices may have to pay around 1100-4600 euros or more, while surgery to correct the open bite can cost far more money of 15,300 euros upwards, but the cost varies depending on the health and status.

Some insurance companies may cover the procedure, but not others, as sometimes it is considered that the procedure is to “aesthetic” purposes only. It is best to check with the insurance company before starting any treatment.

How to avoid open bite?

Because the open bite is caused by several factors, the absolute prevention may not be possible, but there are certain things you can do to minimize the risk of finding the bite problem.

  • Remove any habit of thumb sucking or tongue thrust and reduce dependence on the pacifier children. These habits are developed at an early age so it is advisable to monitor the children and try to break their habits if possible. After the sucking habit is stopped, open bite tends to resolve, but may take several years
  • It is best to correct the problem in time to avoid any complications that would make surgery the only remedy to fix open bite