How does teeth whitening work

Teeth whitening occurs in two ways: First, stains on the outer layer of the tooth and under the surface of the enamel are removed. Second, the appearance of new spots is prevented. This is achieved by removing and rinsing the spots, and protecting the teeth against stains. How does stain removal work? The elimination of stains on the outer layer of the tooth requires chemical and physical actions, such as the removal and chemical alteration of the spots.

These actions destroy or alter the stains of the outer layer of the enamel, and, as a result, whiter and brighter teeth are obtained. To remove the stains that accumulate under the enamel, you need to bleach the surface, which is a chemical process that involves removing the color by oxidizing the molecules of the stain. Whitening methods vary depending on the concentration of peroxide, which is the whitening agent used, and allows to control the degree of whiteness that is desired in the teeth.

The methods of tooth whitening include professional treatments performed by dentists, whitening toothpaste, whitening strips and home whitening systems.  (Know everything you need to know about teeth whitening.)

What causes stains on teeth? The stains on the teeth are due to a variety of different causes. To help have a bright and beautiful smile, avoid activities and foods that cause stains. For example, certain foods and beverages such as cola drinks and red wine can stain teeth, tobacco, poor dental hygiene and certain diseases as well. If you incur some of them, remember to brush your teeth immediately and at least after each meal. To achieve a more white and healthy smile that generates confidence.

What is the best method of whitening teeth? If you are considering whitening your teeth, you can choose from several options: from professional dental treatments to home systems.

While there are many home bleaching, it is important to understand the risks of whitening recipes that are prepared at home? The most common danger of these remedies is to damage the tooth enamel. The use of natural foods, such as strawberries or orange peels, and the use of sodium bicarbonate in all its forms can irritate the gums and weaken the enamel.

How is tooth whitening

Teeth whitening has become one of the most revolutionary options in the field in recent years. The possibility of improving the color of our teeth, which become yellow with time and our habits, is undoubtedly a great aesthetic alternative for many. But before starting this treatment it is good to know what it is and what are the main possibilities, to choose the one that best suits our needs.

Why are our teeth stained?

There are many reasons that can cause our teeth to stain or turn yellow, some of them can occur before the tooth comes out and others when it is already out. The most comons are:

  • The consumption of some types of antibiotics
  • Hereditary spots and excess fluoride
  • Excessive consumption of food that stains teeth such as tea, coffee, wine, among others
  • Smoke
  • Bad habits of dental hygiene
  • The aging

Professional teeth whitening

Just as there are several causes that cause our teeth to turn yellow, we can also count on different solutions. The tooth whitening professional is definitely the best choice for the most outstanding results.

It must be performed by a specialist in a certified dental office, and the number of sessions and the technique to be used may vary depending on the type of stains that you wish to eliminate, so it is essential to go to a consultation for the specialist to indicate what is the most convenient according to the case.

Teeth whitening at home

Currently there are several commercial brands that have launched their own line of products for teeth whitening. They work optimally in the long term and in cases where the spots to be removed are not very strong.

Another alternative is the use of professional whitening products at home, but they should be recommended by a specialist after a consultation and an analysis of the case. These are items that work more efficiently than the commercial products mentioned above, since their peroxide compound is higher.

However for important spots or if a better result is expected, it is best to go to a specialist and undergo a professional treatment.

Mixed teeth whitening

This type of treatment involves the fusion of professional treatment with one at home. It is one of the most common and recommended alternatives due to its quick and outstanding results.

It helps to diminish or eliminate important spots, and although it requires commitment on the part of the patient to follow at home the instructions, the teeth begin to look whiter from the first sessions.


  • Before starting any treatment of teeth whitening at home it is very important to undergo a professional dental cleaning, in this way you guarantee that the treatment works better.
  • In the same way it is necessary to go to a certified specialist and know thoroughly if you can submit to treatment, what are the risks and what changes you should make in your daily habits.
  • This article is merely informative. We invite you to go to a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

How to choose a toothbrush

Electric or manual, cross-wound, rolled up, flexible or rigid, orthodontic, small or large head, with or without indicator band to see wear, flexible, ergonomic, straight or curved handle, with or without tongue brush , for dentures, for sensitive or regular teeth, pulse or oscillation, connected Bluetooth (yes! and without bad pun!) …

Companies that sell oral hygiene products are accompanied by marketing teams to offer a huge choice.

But for the consumer, what should we stick to when making a choice for our toothbrush? After all, we simply want to brush our teeth, to have a good result in order to preserve our health.

  • Here are the most important things to remember. Then, it is the choice and the budget of each:
  • Opt for a compact, round-headed toothbrush to easily reach all tooth surfaces;
  • Choose a brush with soft bristles or extra soft to preserve tooth enamel and protect the gums. A stiff bristle brush that gives you the impression of “brushing hard” is contraindicated;
  • Check if the handle allows a comfortable grip. It’s unique to everyone so do not be afraid to try several;
  • Replace the toothbrush or tip of your electric toothbrush when the bristles bend or when a whitish layer builds up at the base of the bristles (usually every three months).


The electric toothbrush, with its impressive performance of 30,000 brush strokes per minute, easily outperforms the manual toothbrush (admit that it takes a lot of wrist to achieve this kind of results!). Its effectiveness for the health of your teeth is unquestionably superior and the additional cost is worth it. If you opt for an electric brush, it is better to choose a replaceable head model operating by oscillating and pulsating movements.

And again here, prices vary enormously from one model to another, as do the features. Take the time to inform yourself and ask your dentist for advice on your next visit. We are in the best position to direct you in your purchase.

However, if your budget does not permit, brushing time and the use of good technique are more important than the type of toothbrush used. For the rest, brushing every day and at least 2 to 3 times a day will be the norm, no matter what you choose.


Choosing a toothbrush for young children is sometimes a big challenge. Again, the selection is huge and companies are struggling to make the choice of your child is their brand.

For babies, a small rubber tip and placed at the tip of your finger will do just fine. Afterwards, when the child begins to learn to brush their own teeth, the choice is immense.

On one hand, we like to make sure that the brushing of the teeth is playful in the children so that it does not become a chore or a big session of “NO”. Hence the range of brushes with the effigy of characters known to children. Again, do not be fooled by the little princess or the little superhero. We choose a toothbrush with a very compact head and we make sure that the child can brush all his teeth with the chosen model. Be careful when it comes time to brush the teeth that are at the back of the mouth. Check this aspect before purchase.

On the other hand, teaching the right brushing movement is not obvious in young children. Many may be tempted to opt for an electric toothbrush. This is not necessarily a bad thing, although the quality of the battery-powered toothbrushes can sometimes leave something to be desired, not to mention the high consumption of batteries. But it is not bad either to show the manual brushing technique to your child.

Again, the important thing is to get a good brushing result and instill this good habit in our children so that it becomes natural. You will gain long-term treatment at the dentist.

Last small note for children. We often hear that our children’s baby teeth do not require as much care as adult teeth, since the baby teeth will eventually fall out. This is of course a false belief!

On the one hand, instilling the good habit of oral hygiene in infants helps to maintain this good behavior once adult teeth are pushed. On the other hand, oral hygiene is not just about teeth, as its name suggests. It’s also about the health of our mouth and our gums.

How to choose toothbrush

Just as each of us will use a different sun protection factor according to our skin type, the toothbrush that we will have to use will also be different according to our teeth.

Now, how to choose the most suitable brush? Due to the great variety of shapes, sizes, models, brands that we can find in the market, it is normal that we do not know which one to choose. There are a series of variables that we have to take into account

Trademarks certified by the European Union. When buying a brush from a certified brand, we make sure that the cut of the filaments is adequate. If we use an unbranded brush or an uncertified brand, the filaments of the brush may open when brushing our teeth and wear out more easily, causing gum damage.

Electric or manual brush? Both brushes can be equally effective in dental hygiene if their use is correct. It is true that the electric brush offers some advantages:

  • The rotation of the head is fast and automatic, which makes dental cleaning complete in less time.
  • Bacterial plaque is removed without exerting too much force on the surface of the tooth. With a manual brush we may not be aware of the force we are exerting. Too much force can cause damage to the gums. The electric brush regulates this force. In addition, there are studies that show that the electric brush eliminates a greater amount of plaque than the manual.
  • The electric brush has a clock that will measure the real time of each brushing, something that, with manual brushing, is more difficult to control.

Hardness: As a general rule, medium hardness brushes are ideal for removing plaque and food debris. It will always be better to ask our dentist what will be the best brush in our case, since, if we have undergone surgery, for example, it will be better to use a brush with soft filaments (soft).

In short, there is no mathematical formula to choose the brush that best suits your mouth, but these recommendations can serve as a guide to choose the best option.

Do not ever your teeth horizontally

The World Health Organization recommends consuming about 6 toothpaste tubes a year, while the French consume only an average of 3.4. (The economic crisis requires …). She also recommends eating 4 toothbrushes a year, a toothbrush every 3 months, but the French consume an average of 1.7.

First, why brush your teeth?

To protect yourself from cavities, see! Would you tell me?

Yes, that’s right, but what is actually a decay?

There are no less than 500 species of bacteria in our mouths. They appear and develop mainly after meals and are usually eliminated by brushing teeth. However, when dental hygiene is poor or simply not available, bacteria cling to the surface of our teeth and form a kind of thicker film, this is called plaque. To survive, bacteria feed on the sugars present in our diet. By feeding, bacteria produce acids and it is these acids that attack our teeth. In this case, we speak of caries.

Why did my brother never have cavities while me, yes?

Maybe because he brushes his teeth better? Yes, but not only Indeed, each individual does not have the same equivalent resistance in dental enamel. Some will have a strong dental enamel while others will have a finer enamel and therefore will be more vulnerable to cavities.

The brushing of the evening teeth is the most important of the day. Indeed, during the night, we produce less saliva (saliva is a natural protection against the bacteria present in our mouth) the bacterial development is then increased and the risk of attack also.

How do you brush your teeth well?

Brushing your teeth means brushing your teeth in several steps for about 3 minutes.

Tip: put a song at the same time as you brush your teeth, on average a song lasts between 3min30 and 4min

  • Brush the top and bottom teeth separately.
  • Start by brushing the teeth from the top of the gum to the tooth
  • You have to alternate vertical and rotary movements to brush teeth and gums.
  • Never brush your teeth horizontally and close your mouth.
  • Then attack the inner side of the teeth, always gums to the teeth.
  • And finally do the same thing with the bottom teeth.

How to cure the toothache

Toothache occurs when the dental pulp is inflamed, which is a central part of the extremely sensitive tooth. It can happen for several reasons: a tooth decay, an al dente shot or an infection of the gums.

Take a painkiller. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen provide effective relief against light toothache. A stabbing pain prevents you from eating, talking and sleeping. It’s even harder to treat a toothache when you feel a lot of pain, so use some over-the-counter medication to relieve the pain.

  • Follow the dosage indicated by the doctor or the one written on the leaflet.

Apply a cold compress. Fill an envelope with ice, cover it with a cloth or cloth and apply the compress directly on the tooth or cheek at the painful area. The cold will relieve the pain.

Do not put the ice directly on the tooth: the pain would increase, often the inflamed teeth are more sensitive than usual to temperature changes.

Get upset in the area. Buy an over-the-counter product to numb the tooth and gums, perhaps in gel. It is useful for relieving the excruciating pain for a few hours. This type of gel is applied directly to the affected area and the effect lasts for several hours.

Thoroughly clean the oral cavity. Sometimes toothaches are caused by pieces of food stuck in the tooth that accentuate the pain of caries or gingivitis. If this is the case, washing your teeth and your mouth can be helpful in stopping the pain and solving the problem.

  • Use dental floss around the affected tooth. Make sure the thread reaches the gums. Slide it back and forth along the tooth so that it collects all the accumulated waste at that point.
  • Wash the area with a toothbrush. If the pain is caused by gingivitis, it is one of the best methods to relieve pain. Use the toothbrush on the tooth for a few minutes, focusing on the painful area. Continue to brush until that point is no longer very sensitive.
  • Use a mouthwash. Complete the cleaning with rinses to remove the residues accumulated in the oral cavity.
  • Continue to treat oral hygiene. Repeat this process twice a day, every day, until the pain has passed.

Make rinses with salt. Toothache could pass by itself if it was caused by a tooth stroke or a slight infection. To make the healing quicker, rinse with warm water and a spoonful of salt. When the salt has melted, use the solution to make gargling involving the painful area. Repeat them several times a day until the pain has passed.

How to remove coffee stains from your teeth

Your teeth are covered with a delicate white enamel coating that is very prone to staining, especially if exposed to acidic liquids such as coffee. A blend of hydrogen peroxide and baking soda can remove coffee stains on the teeth. The baking soda is soft enough to remove stains without causing damage to the tooth enamel, and hydrogen peroxide is a bleaching agent found in many commercial teeth cleaning equipment. Be sure to check with your dentist before following this treatment, as it can cause damage to veneers and crowns.


  1. Measure one teaspoon of baking soda on a small plate. Add three to five drops of hydrogen peroxide, and stir the mixture to create a thick paste.
  2. Apply the mixture on your toothbrush, and brush your teeth with it for about two minutes, making sure to pay special attention to the coffee stained areas. Do not press stronger than normal on your teeth, as you could damage your enamel.
  3. Rinse your mouth with cold water to remove any traces of the mixture. Do not swallow the mixture.
  4. Repeat treatment once a day to remove recent stains. Several applications may be needed to whiten your smile completely.

Tips & Warnings

Never whiten children’s teeth with this mixture. Hydrogen peroxide can be toxic if swallowed, and treatment can damage a baby’s delicate teeth.

How to make natural toothpaste

Making your own toothpaste can be not only fun and chemical free, but it can also save you money. In fact, you can make a supply of toothpaste for a family of four for a year for less than $ 10. Toothpaste may not have fun colors and flavors, but it can be a healthy and affordable alternative to commercial toothpaste, and you can have choices of different flavors. Most of the items you need can be purchased fairly easily.


How to make natural toothpaste

  1. Pour 6 teaspoons of baking soda into a small, clean container that has a lid and is easy to store. Sodium bicarbonate neutralizes odors and works effectively as a tooth whitening agent.
  2. Add 1/3 teaspoon of sea salt to the bowl. The salt is abrasive and adds flavor to the toothpaste. The abrasive salt can help act as small scrubbers to help clean the teeth. Sea salt is better because it is less processed and has no added iodine. Salt is very good for teeth and gums as it is astringent and helps to stop bacteria. Salt also acts as a cleaning agent.
  3. Combine 4 teaspoons of glycerin with the dry ingredients and blend until a paste is formed. Glycerin helps add consistency to home-made toothpaste and acts as a natural sweetener. It also helps prevent toothpaste from drying out.
  4. Use an essential oil to add a flavor of your choice of homemade pasta. Mix 10 to 12 drops of mint (peppermint), cinnamon, clove, orange or any flavor you decide on in your pasta. Some essential oils can serve medicinal purposes and help kill bacteria and germs. The tea tree, geranium and lemon can help with gingivitis. Clove oil, peppermint, wintergreen and cinnamon help to freshen the breath and can help kill germs.

Tips & Warnings

  • Some sea salts can be expensive, so you can buy fine salt at your local store.
  • Check your local health food store to find the right prices on essential oils.
  • Glycerin can be purchased at your local pharmacy for about $ 5 for a small bottle.
  • Place the lid of the container tightly and store in a safe and dry place.
  • If you have dental problems and are prone to cavities, consult your dentist. Homemade toothpaste does not contain fluoride, which can cause teeth to resist cavities.

How to make kids’ teeth white

Children have an insatiable appetite for all things that are sticky and fun to eat. The problem with these foods is that they are not good for teeth because plaques can appear quickly. This is formed by bacteria from the mouth and, when sugar is present, the plaque becomes sticky and attaches to the teeth. Sometimes, no matter how much or how often the child brushes his teeth, the plaque prevents them from looking white. But making these teeth whiter should not be too difficult, as there are many options to help your child achieve a bright smile.


  1. Visit the dentist. Children should see their dentist when they turn 1, according to the American Dental Association. If a child seems to be at risk for any problem, the dentist can apply topical solutions such as fluoride to help with future tooth decay and can also give a good cleaning to the teeth every six months or once a year.
  2. Brush your teeth twice a day with a small amount of toothpaste bleaching with fluoride. This helps to remove the starch and sugar from the teeth so that the white pearls can shine. As soon as your child has two teeth to touch, it is important to show him how to floss properly. This helps remove the plaque, which eventually hardens and turns into tartar. Until it is removed by a dentist, it covers the teeth and makes them appear yellowish.
  3. Purchase over-the-counter whitening strips for children with permanent front teeth. It should be around the age of 12, as all permanent teeth may not be present before, which can make their color inconsistent. Use these hydrogen peroxide strips as directed. The results may take a few weeks to appear.
  4. Ask the dentist if the whitening trays are an option and consult with your health insurance to see if it covers the treatment. These are filled with 10 percent carbide peroxide. The patient sleeps with the tray inserted for about four weeks.
  5. Investigate whitening at the dentist to see if your child’s teeth need to be bleached immediately. The dentist could first apply a protective layer to the gums and then put a whitening solution consisting of 15 to 35% hydrogen peroxide. The dentist then uses a heat laser to seal the solution.

How to make children brush their tongue

Teaching children to brush their teeth and take care of them is an important part of overall dental health. Without regular brushing, bacteria grow in the mouth, contributing to plaque development, tooth decay and bad breath. Part of the general cleaning of the mouth should include brushing the tongue. When you are teaching your child what good oral hygiene involves, brushing your tongue in your instructions.


  1. A thorough brushing should include the tongue.
  2. Explain to your child the steps needed to properly brush your teeth. A thorough brushing should include brushing all surfaces of the teeth, the tongue and then ending with flossing, according to Nationwide Children’s Hospital.
  3. Have your child stand in front of the mirror so he can see himself and then ask him to stick his tongue out as far as he can. While you have your tongue out for a few seconds, tell her to make sure she keeps her clean and keeps her teeth clean. Tell her that if she does not clean and brush her teeth, she can leave the germs on her tongue. Explain that these germs give you bad breath and may even interfere with the way the tongue tastes food.
  4. Teach your child how to brush his tongue to add to his brushing routine. Ask the child to pull out his tongue again and look at it in the mirror. Point out the tip, the center and then the back. Tell him it’s important that he try to brush his tongue. It highlights the fact that the back end of the tongue could be the place where many germs are hidden, so it is important that the brush reaches as far back as possible. You may be warned that it might make you nauseous when brushing your tongue, and that if this happens, you should not brush so thoroughly.
  5. Show your child how to brush their tongue so they feel and see the correct brushing. Brush your tongue carefully to reach all parts effectively. You can compare the brushing of the tongue with “paint”, indicates the Dental Health Week Web site.
  6. Encourage your child to remember to brush their tongue every time they brush their teeth, reports the Pediatric Dental Health website.
  7. Oversee the regular brushing of your child’s teeth to make sure he adds to his routine brushing his tongue. In a short time, this should become a learned habit and part of your oral care routine. Provide reminders if you forget.