Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that is responsible for the alignment of the teeth and the correction of bite problems, as well as to guide the eruption of the teeth and the development of the jaws thus producing a balance in the oral apparatus and therefore in the cervical and dorsal spine, as well as an ideal aesthetic of the face.
More and more children and adults are aware of the enormous aesthetic and functional benefits that come with performing an orthodontic treatment.
Orthodontics is carried out through the use of different orthodontic appliances.
Orthodontic appliances straighten the teeth by exerting constant pressure on them and keeping them in a fixed position for a certain period of time.
There are two kinds:
- Orthopedic devices, act on the maxillary bones (for example, chin rests to correct mandibular prognathous or advanced jaw or plastic plates to widen the palate).
- The other type of appliances acts directly on the teeth and consists of metal arcs of various alloys on which metallic or ceramic supports called brackets slide that press on the teeth and end up moving them to the desired positions.