How to explain oral hygiene to 3-year-olds

Because oral health is so crucial to your health, it is critical that you teach your children how to care for their teeth from an early age. If you make the tooth brushing, flossing and dental visits fun and explain that oral hygiene is easy, with easy to understand terms, children in your life will have better chances to grow with clean, healthy teeth and gums.

Explain the basics

For children to understand why they need to care for their teeth, they must understand the basics of oral hygiene, tooth decay and gum disease. Since the science behind these concepts is very complicated for 3-year-olds, it reduces concepts at the preschool level. Explain that when the sugar sticks to the teeth, small sugar insects are formed that eat the teeth, leaving small brown holes called cavities. Let her know that cavities are painful and unhealthy. This simplified version is enough for most children to take an interest in looking after their teeth.

Brushing and flossing

Tell your child that the best way to get rid of sugar bugs is to brush them to get rid of excess sugar. Use models or posters to show them how they look at their teeth closely and point out where sugar bugs can hide. Teach them that if they brush their teeth from both sides and thoroughly, the insects will be swept away. Explain that flossing will help get rid of the insects hidden between your teeth. Emphasize the importance of brushing and flossing at least twice a day for two minutes in each session. Also let them know that they should take their time to brush the sides of their cheeks and tongue.

Choosing healthy foods

Tell your children that their food choices affect oral hygiene. Because sugar bacteria like to feed on the sugars found in candy, cookies, and soda, it reminds children that these foods will attract more bugs. Explain that sticky candies like candy are especially bad for oral health because they are very difficult to clean from the teeth. Teach them about healthy snack choices such as vegetables, fruits and whole bakery products, and encourage them to make choices that will benefit their oral hygiene.

To visit the dentist

Children should see the dentist’s office as a friendly place where they feel comfortable. Emphasize that regular professional cleanings are a normal part of oral hygiene and that the dentist and his assistants will help fight cavities. Because some children will inevitably need to see the dentist to fill cavities or do other jobs besides cleanings, make sure they know that a trip to the dentist does not mean that they fail. If the clinic finds children a fun place, fear and anxiety about dental work will not follow them into adulthood.

How to care for a child with your first loose tooth

Losing baby teeth for permanents to start is a very normal process, but for a child, losing their first tooth can be a frightening and uncomfortable experience. Most of them experience physical and emotional discomfort that one tooth gradually loosens while another pushes from below. As a parent, you can help him calm down by convincing him that he is safe and making the tooth come out easier.


Visit the dentist. The first trips to the dentist of many children come when they begin to lose their baby teeth. The dentist will be able to educate the parents and the child about what to expect in the coming months and years, and how to prepare for them and what to do with their teeth. He will also be able to take a look at loose teeth and estimate how close they will come out.

Give your child chews to eat. Your child will probably experience discomfort with the teeth at some point, and this usually indicates that a tooth is almost ready to go out. Chewable foods will help to accelerate the detachment of the teeth from the gums.

Prepare for any bleeding that may occur. Most children fear the blood because they associate it with pain, injury, and death. Tell him he can bleed, but there is nothing to worry about, it’s just a little blood lost from the tooth when it comes off the gums. You can tell him to wipe the blood with tissue or gauze after the tooth comes out.

How to brush your teeth

Dentists recommend brushing their teeth after each meal or at least two to three times a day. The most important brushing is done before going to sleep, because during sleep, the movements of the tongue and the production of saliva decrease, and this favors the appearance of bacterial plaque.

Brushing teeth, therefore, should become a habit, and the technique used to remove dental plaque is vital, since if brushing is not suitable does not meet its purpose. An example of incorrect brushing is to move the brush vigorously from side to side. Although it seems the simplest way to brush your teeth is not effective, because it does not remove plaque from the entire dental surface, but it drags on the teeth and can also damage the enamel of the teeth and irritate the gums.

Techniques for brushing your teeth well

There are various techniques of brushing, and each person should choose the one that is most comfortable and effective, taking into account that it is essential to perform all movements with the utmost thoroughness and rigor, and for sufficient time, since it depends on the Correct removal of plaque and, therefore, oral health.

Modified Bass technique: consists of placing the toothbrush with an angulation of 45 with respect to the major axis of the tooth, and perform vibration movements for several seconds for each group of teeth. This technique is, moreover, the most appropriate for patients with periodontal problems.

Scrubbing or horizontal technique: it is the most recommended for children, because of the marked dental anatomy they present, and because it is simple to start using the toothbrush. In this technique horizontal movements are used.

Circular technique: it is intended for the little ones because of their lack of skill to handle the brush. The aim is to perform wide circular movements with the child’s mouth closed, moving the brush from the edge of the upper tooth to the lower tooth. This removes the plaque and massages the gums.

It is necessary to brush the teeth after each meal, for at least two minutes (better if they are three), and making all the movements correctly, so that the brushing is effective. At night, before bedtime, the brushing should be exhaustive, since it is when there is more risk of bacterial proliferation and, therefore, of caries.

It is advisable to also brush the tongue and the palate, as well as massage the gums, to activate the blood circulation and to favor the elimination of the rest of foods that have been able to accumulate between tooth and gum.

How to brush your teeth to an 11 month old baby

Regardless of whether you are caring for a child, you are a first-time father or mother of five, you should brush your baby’s teeth for 11 months twice a day, even if they are not yet completely out of gums. Baby teeth are the primary teeth. This means that those teeth will fall out to give way to permanent teeth. However, this does not mean that these teeth should not be brushed and treated with the same care as permanent teeth.


  1. Choose a baby toothbrush with extra soft bristles and small head. You can buy this type of toothbrush in pharmacies or supermarkets. Avoid buying adult toothbrushes or toothbrushes for children with medium or hard bristles.
  2. Brush your baby’s teeth without toothpaste until he’s 2 years old, according to “Parenting Magazine.” If you cannot bear the idea of ​​not using toothpaste when brushing your baby’s teeth, use fluoride-free children’s toothpaste as they can be swallowed safely.
  3. Gently massage your baby’s teeth with the toothbrush, make circular movements and pay special attention to the front, back and side of each tooth. Clean your gums with a damp paper towel where teeth have not yet grown.
  4. Give your child a sip of water to rinse your mouth. No problem if I swallow it.
    Brush your baby’s teeth every morning after breakfast and every night before bedtime.

How a baby’s teeth grow?


As a parent, seeing your baby reach new milestones is always exciting. Throughout your first year, you may find yourself running around the camera many times to capture that first smile, laughter or tentative step. While the drooling and moodiness that often come with the baby’s first tooth may not cause as much celebration as his first word, seeing the first tooth is something many parents expect.

Dental development

Since the baby’s teeth form in the jaw, a tooth must grow through the bone before it is pushed through the gum. It is not uncommon for the area of ​​the gums, where the tooth appears to become red and swollen. This disappears as the tooth comes out. Once your baby’s teeth have erupted through the gum, the roots take an average of 18 months to form.

The first teeth to come out are usually the two lower teeth in between. These teeth usually appear when a baby is about 6 months old. However, some babies have their first tooth when they are only 3 months old. Since the age of teething varies, other children cannot get that first tooth until 18 months of age. Inheritance plays a key role. The age at which the baby begins teething depends on the age the parents had when the first teeth appeared. Children have 20 baby teeth. The term and order in which the teeth come in may differ.

Prenatal training

The baby’s first teeth begin to form before birth. According to the American Dental Association, what you eat during pregnancy affects the development of your unborn child’s teeth. The development of teeth begins between the third and the sixth month of pregnancy. For this reason, you should eat a well-balanced diet that includes adequate amounts of calcium and phosphorus, proteins and vitamins A, C and D. These are the nutrients needed for the fetus to develop healthy teeth. Although tooth enamel begins to form intrauterine, it does not complete its hardening until several months after birth.

Your baby’s teeth

When the crown of a tooth breaks the gum, it is covered by what is known as the enamel cuticle, which forms when the tooth is developing. This thin layer of film covers a newly erupted tooth. Chewing and dental brushing eventually wear this coating on young dental enamel. The first front teeth that are sharp; are intended to bite and not to chew. The teeth are teeth to chew. The first molars of the baby begin to emerge approximately between the 12 to 16 months of age. The second molars, which can be painful when they sprout, do not start to come out until sometime around a child’s second birthday. The lower canines come after the first molars.

Positioning of teeth

Maintaining the health of the primary teeth is necessary for the permanent teeth to develop in a healthy way. The lips, gums and cheeks affect how the teeth are placed and spaced. Correct alignment of the primary teeth generally leads to permanent teeth aligning properly in the mouth. Although the tongue pushes out the teeth, the lips and the cheeks provide an inner balance. The primary teeth maintain the space for the permanent teeth to come out in the correct position. Primary teeth also help the jaw bones and upper and lower muscles to develop normally.

Home remedies for sensitive teeth

If taking a cold drink or biting a hot meal makes you feel pain, then you may have sensitive teeth. Also known as hypersensitive dentin, sensitive teeth are characterized by a sharp pain that causes you to carry your hand to the mouth to cushion your tooth. Damage to the nerve or the usual wear and tear on the teeth may promote this condition, but the root cause is usually loss of enamel or gingival recession. Fortunately, there are several home remedies for sensitive teeth.

Toothpaste to desensitize

Try brushing with a commercial toothpaste formulated to defensible the teeth. These pastes contain strontium chloride or potassium nitrate as an active ingredient. Either helps block the sensation of discomfort from traveling from the tooth to the nerve. Although these pastes cannot replace enamel loss or compensate for gum recession, their active ingredients accumulate in the tubule-like channels in your dentin and act as a temporary fill.

Treatment for the night

In addition to brushing regularly with desensitizing toothpaste, it sometimes helps to spread a little of the same paste over sensitive areas just before bedtime. The secret of success is to avoid the traditional use of rinsing to let the dough work while you sleep. According to Dental Health Magazine, practicing this habit every night will significantly reduce the sensitivity of your teeth in a few weeks.

Brush yourself more often

This home remedy is simple enough, but its effectiveness cannot be overemphasized. Ideally, you should brush your teeth at least twice a day, especially after meals and before going to bed. The main reason for doing this is to remove the plaque before it has a chance to harden and promote cavities. However, during the time between meals, drinks and brushing your teeth, plaque releases an acid that increases the sensitivity of your teeth even more.

Choose something soft

It is tempting to think that a hard bristle toothbrush will do a better job of cleaning your teeth. The same can be said of the application of excess pressure. The truth is that hard washing or using a hard bristle brush can damage the enamel and cause the gum to recede leading to the sensitivity of the teeth. So opt for a soft bristle toothbrush and let the instrument do its work without using too much force.

Floss your teeth regularly

If you have enough floss in the medicine cabinet of your bathroom to go around the world three times, then it is time to use it more often. Spinning the thread regularly after brushing helps remove any residue that the toothbrush cannot reach. Unless you remove it, you will get hard plaque in less than 72 hours and only the dentist can remove it. Meanwhile, the plaque will irritate your teeth and cause sensitivity.

Food for an infant of teething age?

If your baby seems to be more restless, a little more likely to drool and much more prone to biting things than usual may be popping his teeth. The teething process begins for babies 3 to 12 months old and causes pain, tenderness of the gums to your little one. There are many foods that can help alleviate your baby’s discomfort, but you know your child’s diet better than anyone else, so be sure to keep food appropriate for the teething age.

Keep it cool

Regardless of the type of food you give your baby to help you through the process of teething, keeping cold food helps relieve gum pain. Before giving your baby anything to eat or chew, cool until cool to the touch. Avoid freezing teething aids for your babies, however, as extreme cold can damage your baby’s gums. Cool them, whether edible or non-edible, in the refrigerator of your house.


If your baby eats solid foods, try giving her a fruit or vegetable that is safe for gnawing without drowning, such as a large whole carrot or a peeled, refrigerated cucumber. Teething cookies can also help, depending on the comfort of your baby and the level of safety with the hardest solid foods. If you give your baby solid cold, watch it while chewing; broken pieces of food when chewed can put your child at risk of suffocation if not under careful supervision.

Other meals

If your baby eats soft foods, chill them before feeding to help ease teething pain. Chilled yogurt, banana puree, applesauce and other fruit purées and fruit jams are good allies. Although towels are not edible, wrapping an ice cube in a clean cloth and gently rubbing it on your baby’s gums for a few minutes helps relieve the pain. Avoid using the ice cubes directly on the gums, however, as it could be too cold.

Things to consider

Acetaminophen and ibuprofen to relieve pain and homeopathic teething tablets may also help relieve gum pain, but avoid benzocaine products, as they may, on rare occasions, cause blood-related health complications in the babies. Consult your doctor before administering painkillers, even over-the-counter variety. Avoid rubbing brandy, whiskey or any other type of alcohol on your baby’s gums.

How to make natural toothpaste

Making your own toothpaste can be not only fun and chemical free, but it can also save you money. In fact, you can make a supply of toothpaste for a family of four for a year for less than $ 10. Toothpaste may not have fun colors and flavors, but it can be a healthy and affordable alternative to commercial toothpaste, and you can have choices of different flavors. Most of the items you need can be purchased fairly easily.


How to make natural toothpaste

  1. Pour 6 teaspoons of baking soda into a small, clean container that has a lid and is easy to store. Sodium bicarbonate neutralizes odors and works effectively as a tooth whitening agent.
  2. Add 1/3 teaspoon of sea salt to the bowl. The salt is abrasive and adds flavor to the toothpaste. The abrasive salt can help act as small scrubbers to help clean the teeth. Sea salt is better because it is less processed and has no added iodine. Salt is very good for teeth and gums as it is astringent and helps to stop bacteria. Salt also acts as a cleaning agent.
  3. Combine 4 teaspoons of glycerin with the dry ingredients and blend until a paste is formed. Glycerin helps add consistency to home-made toothpaste and acts as a natural sweetener. It also helps prevent toothpaste from drying out.
  4. Use an essential oil to add a flavor of your choice of homemade pasta. Mix 10 to 12 drops of mint (peppermint), cinnamon, clove, orange or any flavor you decide on in your pasta. Some essential oils can serve medicinal purposes and help kill bacteria and germs. The tea tree, geranium and lemon can help with gingivitis. Clove oil, peppermint, wintergreen and cinnamon help to freshen the breath and can help kill germs.

Tips & Warnings

  • Some sea salts can be expensive, so you can buy fine salt at your local store.
  • Check your local health food store to find the right prices on essential oils.
  • Glycerin can be purchased at your local pharmacy for about $ 5 for a small bottle.
  • Place the lid of the container tightly and store in a safe and dry place.
  • If you have dental problems and are prone to cavities, consult your dentist. Homemade toothpaste does not contain fluoride, which can cause teeth to resist cavities.

Does brushing your teeth with baking soda make them whiter?

A toothbrush and some baking soda make your teeth whiter. Many things stain your teeth and there are different ways to remove different types of blemishes. These can occur on the outside or inside the tooth. No type of brushing can remove stains that have formed from inside the tooth. But brushing them with baking soda or using toothpaste with baking soda can remove stains from the surface of your teeth.

Spots that bicarbonate can remove

The spots on the surface of the teeth can be caused by poor oral hygiene or by tobacco, food, beverages, medications or a combination of all of them. Brushing your teeth with baking soda can remove the surface stains from your teeth. Mixing baking soda with water forms a slightly abrasive paste and when combined with brushing, both act on surface stains.

Spots that bicarbonate cannot remove

Inner tooth stains can be caused by excess fluoride, tetracycline (an antibiotic), genetic causes or unknown events. The brushing does not reach the interior of the teeth and has no effect on these types of stains, no matter what the brush. Persistent stains, such as those caused by tobacco, can be professionally removed by the dentist or dental hygienist on a cleansing appointment and cannot be removed with common brushing. The cavities can also cause your teeth to stain and these spots are not affected by brushing. The spots in the cavities can be white and calcareous or gray, brown and black.

Sodium bicarbonate and toothpaste

Toothpaste polishez teeth to clean them. The ingredients in the toothpaste include fluoride to make the teeth more resistant to the cavities and the flavoring provides a fresh taste. Abrasives such as baking soda are added to toothpaste to help remove stains and brighten teeth. Abrasive ingredients can cause tooth sensitivity if they are too strong for teeth. If your teeth become sensitive after using homemade or commercial baking soda, stop using it and talk to your dentist.

The proper brushing technique

Brushing with baking soda or a mixture of pasta and baking soda requires that you use a proper brushing technique to remove stains effectively. Brush your teeth at least once in the morning and once in the afternoon with a soft bristle brush with baking soda and a slight pressure. Accommodate the brush at a 45-degree angle with the gum line and use light circular strokes. Then roll the brush to the surface of the wheels. When brushing the surface of the molars, you can make a movement from front to back.

Porcelain Inlays

What are porcelain inlays

Dental inlays are indirect fillings used to recreate the anatomy and function of the tooth after being deleted or lost part. Scale can be made ​​of porcelain, composite resin, or even gold. The purpose of inlays and onlays strengthen teeth or replace old or damaged fillings. One of the main benefits of porcelain inlays and onlays is that they provide a highly aesthetic natural look, especially compared to metal fillings. Another advantage is that they are extremely durable, capable of lasting for decades.

Porcelain inlays

The scale is placed on the damaged or decayed teeth, on the upper surfaces of the teeth. Two visits to the dentist are required for the correct placement of the inlay. During the first visit, the dentist will take detailed impressions of the affected tooth after caries removal and places a temporary inlay on the tooth itself. The impression is sent to a lab, where the embedding of the exact measurements of the tooth is made.

On the second visit, the temporary inlay is replaced by the permanent porcelain inlay. Patients can return to work immediately after the procedure.

Porcelain inlays, once in place, are firmly attached to the tooth and can greatly reduce the risk of bacteria forming in the tooth, causing tooth decay.

Porcelain onlays

Unlike inlays, onlays porcelain are placed on the tops of teeth. The onlays are placed in a very similar way to the inlays, which requires two visits to the dentist. They are also considered a type of indirect restoration, since they are made ​​by hand in the dental laboratory. On the first visit, we make impressions of teeth, which are sent to a laboratory where they were manufactured. As expected the final piece, the dentist places a temporary onlay in the tooth. During the second visit, the temporary onlay is replaced with a permanent piece, high strength dental porcelain. In this process the experience of the specialist that manufactures porcelain inlays and is as important natural looking dental coatings work as dentist in your placement. Therefore, the communication between the cosmetic dentist and specialist in porcelain to create the final piece is vital.

Advantages of porcelain inlays

The color of the material used to make the porcelain inlays make them ideal for creating a natural environment, achieving the effect of an aesthetically pleasing and perfect smile.

They also help patients avoid more invasive dental procedures in the future, i.e. crowns and dental bridges or implants. Other advantages of porcelain inlays and onlays, if done correctly, are:

  • Better contour to the affected tooth, resulting in a healthy gingiva.
  • Less impact of food.
  • Extremely durable, high strength compared to white fillings.
  • Matching exceptional color and translucency mimicking the natural tooth.
  • Less bacterial leakage due to a higher setting.
  • Less wear bite compared to white fillings, in which there is severe wear and tear due to the force of the bite.
  • If manufactured and placed correctly, porcelain inlays feel and function like natural teeth.
  • They are resistant to stains.
  • Porcelain inserts are very strong and have united once, add significant force in the decayed tooth.

A skilled cosmetic dentist is capable of combining with porcelain inlays porcelain veneers to preserve the structure of the patient’s teeth and improve the bite. Porcelain inlays and fillings fit like puzzle pieces on the tooth, providing health, beauty, functionality and durability damaged teeth.

Differences between dental fillings and inlays

A filling is made of a resin putty is placed in a single cavity and cured with a special light or laser. Porcelain inlays are manufactured as hard inserts that are typically included in the larger cavities and areas where there is less tooth structure. Fouling adhere to the relevant place stopping tooth decay and the surrounding environment. A more stable structure is achieved, and look like natural teeth. In addition, a filling is a direct restoration, which means to do in an office visit. Porcelain inlays are considered indirect restorations and require special laboratory and a skilled potter who manufactures them so they can be placed on a second visit.