Malocclusion of Teeth

Occlusion is a term used to refer to the alignment of teeth. The great thing would be that the teeth would fit easily inside the mouth without crowding or spaces. Furthermore, none of the teeth should be bent. The teeth of the upper jaw slightly overlap the teeth of the lower jaw so that the molar points fit on opposite molars.

A deviation from ideal occlusion is called malocclusion. If the teeth are misaligned, they will not be able to perform vital functions for which they are designed and can cause problems in oral health. Is required alignment of the upper teeth to prevent the cheeks and lips suffer injuries due to bites, while the alignment of the lower teeth is needed to protect the language.

In more colloquial terms, the malocclusion of the teeth is also known as: crowded teeth, misaligned teeth, crossbite, overbite, open bite or bite.

What causes malocclusion?

The typical malocclusion is transmitted through heredity, which means it is passed from one generation to the next. Statistics indicate that only 30 to 40 percent of the population has perfectly aligned teeth.

Although in most cases, malocclusion is inherited, there are some conditions or habits that can alter the shape and structure of the jaw.

Here are some examples of bad habits that cause malocclusion:

  • Cleft lip and cleft palate.
  • Using a pacifier after age three.
  • Prolonged use of bottle-feeding in infancy.
  • Thumb sucking in infancy.
  • Injuries that occur misalignment in the jaw.
  • Tumors of the mouth or jaw.
  • Abnormally shaped or impacted teeth.
  • Poor dental care.

What are the symptoms of a malocclusion?

Depending on the classification of malocclusion, the symptoms of the disease may be mild or severe. The most typical symptoms of malocclusion are:

  • The misalignment of teeth.
  • Alteration in the appearance of the face.
  • Discomfort when chewing or biting.
  • Speech problems, including the development of a lisp.
  • Breathing through the mouth instead of the nose.

Diagnosis and classification of malocclusion

Malocclusion of teeth diagnosed through routine dental exams. Your dentist can examine your teeth dental x-rays to determine if your teeth are properly aligned or otherwise deals with problems that can present this malocclusion. If malocclusion finally detected, it can be classified by type and severity.

There are three different classes of malocclusion:

  • Class I: when the upper teeth overlap the lower. In this type of malocclusion, the bite is normal and overlap is slight.
  • Class II: when there. retrognathism This condition occurs when the upper teeth and jaw, significantly overlap the lower teeth and jaw.
  • Class III: when there is undershot. This means that the lower jaw protrudes, which causes the lower teeth with the upper teeth and jaws overlap.

How is a malocclusion of the teeth treated?

Most patients with mild malocclusion no treatment is required. However, if the malocclusion is serious, the dentist will recommend the use of orthodontics. Depending on your type of malocclusion, orthodontics may include:

  • Orthotics to correct the position of the teeth.
  • Extraction of teeth to correct overcrowding.
  • Remodeling of teeth.
  • Surgery to remodel, shorten and correct the jaw.
  • Wires or plates to stabilize the jaw bone.

How can I prevent malocclusion?

Since most cases of malocclusion are inherited, prevent this disorder can be tricky. The only thing parents can do is to limit pacifier use and bottle, to help reduce the changes that may occur in the development of the jaw. Early detection of malocclusion helpsto reduce the duration of treatment necessary in correcting the problem.

Maintenance of Dental Prosthetics

Good dental care is essential for lasting dental health. Here you will find information about the intensive care dental implants, the appropriate method of brushing and dental hygiene perfect.

Maintenance of implants and Dental Care

Implants are a dental prosthesis and a valuable investment in your dental health. The new teeth will for a long time and should not cause any problems. For long-term success of the implantation, it is crucial to have the implant firmly anchored in the jawbone and thereby not produce inflammations. Here, proper and regular care of the implants is paramount.

Intensive care implants

In any case, implants require intensive care that goes far beyond the normal brushing. Why? For a tooth is not the same as an implant. There are critical, anatomical differences between an implant and teeth. The teeth are anchored in the tooth root and the bone of the jaw through a specially designed fiber. Dentists refer to this as the periodontal or periodontal appliance. The periodontal attachment is by nature better protected against artificial tooth that external attacks. Moreover, germs, food concessions, digestive juices, and foreign substances in the mouth do not harm the natural tooth, however, damage to the implant itself, since the former is better protected against this too.

Techniques for dental implants care

Implants, crowns, or other structures should be cleaned and maintained like to be the teeth themselves. The most sensitive area and should be especially attended to the cleaning of the implants is the area of ​​the implant crown. More precisely speaking, this is the area between the gum and the crown. In any case, the development of the plate in this area should be avoided by intensive dental care. You have to thoroughly clean the teeth (otherwise inflammation can occur). Gingivitis, which is inflammation of the gums may occur after periodontal inflammation appears. Perimplantitis is one of the most complicated and uncomfortable problems that occur after the implants are placed and are likely to end with the loss of implants.

There are some basic rules of brushing and cleaning teeth and dental implants respectively. It is true that the techniques of cleaning teeth are very different and according to dentures: fixed bridges, dental crowns, dentures, etc.. Here are the techniques for cleaning teeth and implants in detail.

The electric toothbrush is far superior to manual toothbrushes. The electric toothbrush is significantly better at removing plaque by making more intensive dental care and better equipped for the individual disposition and nature of the teeth. But keep in mind that the electric toothbrush also a manual toothbrush, you have to use your hands (one of them) to clean teeth and implants. There are different heads for electric toothbrushes, ask your dentist which is best for your implant.

After consulting with the dentist, oral surgeon or assistant for prophylaxis, you must decide on whether to use an electric toothbrush, ultrasonic or manual.

Dental implants Care manual toothbrushes

A medium brush head, short and with a straight brush, not too large is perfect for cleaning implants and teeth themselves. This type of toothbrush allows cleaning of all edges, holes and corners of the teeth that are difficult to reach.

If the manual toothbrush bristle is too hard, it can damage the dental bone substance, called dentin (which is a relatively soft material), the surfaces of the roots, and neck can be exposed.

Patients who have gum problems and suffer from bleeding should use a toothbrush with soft bristles to clean teeth and implants and prevent excessive pressure while brushing. In addition, the correct technique of brushing with manual toothbrush is crucial to the success or failure of your long-term dental health.

Flossing care implant

Bacteria and germs can feel at home in the mouth, reproduce explosively and may continue to damage the teeth and gums. If they appear bacteria will eventually appear caries, plaque and gum disease. Therefore, periodontitis and dental caries will only be a matter of time.

A deep and thorough cleaning of the teeth is a prerequisite for the strength of implants. By its very construction, a toothbrush is not suitable for cleaning the areas between the implant and teeth. This is however the perfect place to hide and germs and bacteria to proliferate and place. To tackle this problem, the flossing is highly recommended. Flossing helps clean even the spaces between the molars.

Different types of floss for cleaning implants

The dental floss to clean teeth and implants are available in many different types. Floss thick, covered with wax floss, thin floss or unwaxed dental floss and teflon coated. There is a difference between dental floss so you have to learn to choose the one that best suits our requirements.

There is also the dental floss with fluoride. The fluoride is used for dental care added to toothpaste, diet, etc..Is intended to increase the concentration of fluoride in tooth enamel to gain some protection in the teeth. Fluoride in dental floss is supposed to help the dental enamel and hinders the formation of sugar acids in the mouth and therefore the generation of glycolysis.

Brushes for teeth implants

The most effective support for the care and cleaning of the teeth is the interdental brush teeth. The interdental brush is available in many forms that vary according to the length and diameter. It should be noted that the interdental brushes are designed in a way that allows them to adapt to the sizes of the teeth and tooth implants. Immersion of interdental brushes teeth antiseptic liquid significantly increases the cleaning and disinfection of the oral flora.

Errors in the care of implants

Excessive pressure applied to manual or electric brush teeth or excessively long procedures or frequent brushing to clean the implant can damage the gums. A permanent incorrect brushing technique could seriously affect the tooth. Dentists recommend brushing and cleaning teeth and implants using the proper technique and not more than three times a day.

Lingual Orthodontics

The orthodontics is one of the techniques that have evolved over recent years worldwide. Only 20 years ago appeared the lingual orthodontics, a pseudo-invisible system of placing the brackets on the inside of the teeth. Thus, the bars are hidden in plain sight.

The increased use of adult orthodontics has necessitated the search for a more aesthetic treatment that improves not only the appearance of the teeth after the treatment but also the mouth during treatment. The first prototype was developed lingual orthodontics Dr. Kinya Fujita, Japan, in 1970. In 1976 already had the patent for Espados States.

The lingual orthodontic peaked in the 80s but with the emergence of transparent ceramic brackets and use began to decline. They re-emerged when some difficulties ceramic brackets and enamel fracture was discovered.

With lingual braces can solve all kinds of problems dental position without spoiling the aesthetics of our mouth. Contrary to what happens with other techniques such as metal braces, lingual orthodontics is completely invisible to the eyes of others. A very interesting for those who want to preserve their beauty in a natural alternative.

Advantages of Lingual Orthodontics

The biggest advantage is that this technique is aesthetics. When placed inside the brackets of the teeth, they are not visible from outside so you can talk and smile without showing lingual orthodontics. They are an alternative method to other types of orthodontics and a great choice as aesthetics. Do not forget there are also the invisible braces (Invisalign) that while it is better, it is also more expensive.

Lingual orthodontics is applicable to virtually anyone who has already completed its development. Even in adults.

Price lingual orthodontics

The price is usually around between 4,000$ and 5,000$.

Lingual Cleaner

A tongue cleaner or tongue cleaner (also called a tongue scraper or tongue brush) is an oral hygiene device designed to clean the buildup of bacteria, food debris, fungi, and dead cells from the surface of the tongue. Bacteria and fungi growing on the tongue are related to the common care and general health problems. In addition, decaying bacteria produce volatile sulfur compounds in the back of the tongue which cause bad breath (halitosis) by 80 to 95 percent of the time.

Tongue Cleaner vs. Toothbrush

The upper surface of the tongue can be cleaned with a tongue cleaner or tongue scraper. Traditional tooth brushes are not considered effective for this purpose because they are designed for brushing teeth, having a solid unlike the spongy tissue of the language structure. Some toothbrushes of intangible teeth on the rear tongue scraper so that combined both instruments in a single brush.

The tongue cleaners are ergonomically shaped according to the anatomy of the tongue and are optimized to lift and trap the plaque from the tongue and effectively clean the surface. There are many different types of tongue cleaners, among them are those that are made of plastic, metal or other materials. Its efficacy widely varies depending on the shape, dimensions, configuration, the quality of the contact surfaces and materials used. In addition, there are also cleaning gels language to be used together with tongue cleaners because as anti-bacterial agents that are, may enhance the effects of cleaning.

Side effects of tongue cleaners

There are cases in which the tongue cleaning can cause vomiting or gag reflex when touched some sensitive areas. This can be easily avoided by relaxing the tongue and throat muscles and / or exhaled during use of the cleaner.

Misuse and / or afresivo a tongue cleaner can damage the taste buds of the tongue surface. There are opinions that say that the taste buds can actually regenerate shortly after being damaged but it is better not to misuse this type of cleaning. Careful use of a tongue cleaner can avoid such circumstances.

LED Laser Whitening

The teeth whitening procedure should be performed only in licensed clinics. It is therefore necessary to use a gel which is placed over the teeth and is comprised of 35-40% hydrogen peroxide. After the LED laser for this gel is applied and it releases oxygen molecules. This procedure whitens teeth and lightens to a nicer tone.

The laser whitening LED (with cold light) is one of the most popular because results are achieved in one session and it will not damage the enamel. The session lasts less than an hour, sometimes even 30 minutes and the results can be seen instantly. No recovery is necessary and is a convenient technique as it does not need to use dental splints at night or combine treatment of clinical treatments at home.

The patient is very happy out a whitening session and usually do not need to repeat the process until after 2-7. However, if some people feel that the result is not satisfactory, additional sessions may be made until the desired color.

The best way to get fast results with a whitening treatment is to choose LED laser treatment. Great results in no time. The satisfaction is practically guaranteed.

Invisible Orthodontics

What is the invisible braces (Invisalign)?

Known as orthodontics without braces, invisible braces or transparent treatment is a revolutionary orthodontic used in substitution to known metal brackets.

Such brackets are also known as Invisalign braces Invisalign as the company was the creator in 1999. The invisible orthodontic teeth in a surprising way by offering the patient a more aesthetic and virtually invisible solution. It can be put on and off according to the needs of the patient and are made ​​of a plastic-like material. It is a convenient treatment that is certainly still a revolution in the world of cosmetic dentistry.

The invisible orthodontics corrects all types of problems related to poor positioning of the teeth: crowding, spacing, cross bite, protrusion, overbite, etc… As you go making a hole in the market, they will end the saga of metal braces, in addition to unsightly, are uncomfortable.

To use the invisible braces before has a thorough and 3D scanning performed mouth. Through information obtained from the study can be designed several devices that the patient will use as treatment proceeds. Each of the devices includes minimal changes so that the patient does not notice them and he is still a totally comfortable treatment. Thanks to the invisible orthodontic patient forgets sores caused by braces.

The invisible braces are perfect for those people who live by their image (politicians, actors, models …). His public activity is not affected by a change in aesthetic teeth. Chances are that the media and his followers did not even notice that wearing them.

The Invisalign braces known company has stated that over 1,000,000 people worldwide have used this type of orthodontics.

Advantages of Invisible Orthodontics (Invisalign)

Invisalign braces will increase the quality of life for patients allowing them to enjoy the benefits of orthodontic insivible:

  • Clear braces: Farewell to metal braces! The invisible braces works with transparent splints (aligners) that are placed in each of the dental arches.
  • Comfort: Will you stop suffering sores and abrasions that cause the metal brackets. Splints are custom designed, are flexible and tailored to the patient.
  • Detachable: Can be removed whenever you want and so the patient may choose not to take them on special occasions.

Price of Invisible Orthodontics (Invisalign)

Clearly the art Invisible Orthodontics is somewhat more expensive than metal brackets. This is because they require a specialist with a specific to the correction in the U.S. are manufactured to fit each patient’s degree. The price may be around € 5,000 but every patient has different needs so this price is a guide only. If you want to study your case, you need to go to a specialized dentist.

Where do the invisible braces (Invisalign)

In Spain there are many clinics that perform this technique. We recommend you see our guide to invisible braces clinics.

Inlays overlay

Both overlay inlaid, inlay and partial crowns are utilized when there are cavities in a tooth to be cleaned or restored, and for being too large, cannot be covered with white fillings.

The overlay inlays are used when decay or fracture incorporate areas of a tooth that make amalgam or composite restorations essentially inadequate. Examples of these cases may be a cusp fracture or if the remaining tooth structure undermines perimeter walls of a tooth, then a scale overlay would be indicated. As is the case with inlay, an overlay is an indirect restoration which incorporates a cusp or cusps covering or place missing vertices. All the benefits of an inlay are present in the onlay restoration.

The overlay allows to preserve the tooth structure when the only other alternative is to totally eliminate cusps and perimeter walls for restoration with a crown. Just as inlays, the overlay are made outside the mouth and are usually made of gold or porcelain. Gold restorations have been performed for many years and have an excellent track record. In recent years, new types of porcelains which have developed longevity appear to compete with gold. Either way, both inlaid inlay and overlay are made in a dental laboratory, and made restoration is custom made for each patient. During a second visit to the dentist, the final prosthesis is delivered.

The overlay can be inlaid porcelain, gold, or composite resin. These parts are attached to the damaged area of the tooth. An inlay (which is similar to a filler) is used inside the tips of the cusps of the teeth. Aoveray is a substantial reconstruction, but which extends along one or more of the cusps of the teeth.

Difference between overlay inlaid, inlay and onlays

Inlays are used if decay or fracture is so extensive that a direct restoration, such as amalgam or composite, would compromise the structural integrity of the restored tooth by the opportunity to be undermining the remaining tooth structure or providing the opposition with normal forces of occlusal (biting). In such situations, it may be indicated indirect inlay gold inlay or porcelain. When an inlay is used, the margin of tooth that is left can be almost zero and polished leaving a very thin layer of contact line, where the appearance of recurrent decay will be almost impossible. It is for this reason that some dentists recommend inlays as the ideal situation for almost any filling restoration.

There is a great superiority of the inlay as restoration tale as in terms of resistance to the occlusal forces, protection against recurrent caries, the accuracy of manufacture, the marginal integrity, proper contour to the gingival health, easy cleaning and many other aspects of quality options that make it an excellent alternative to the direct restoration. For this reason, some patients request inlay restorations in order to benefit from its wide range of advantages even when an amalgam or composite would be sufficient for your problem.

Partial crown restorations are among one overlay and a full crown with respect to the preservation of natural tooth structure. In the past, it was somewhat common to find dentists who prepared teeth for 3/4 and 7/8 crowns (partial crowns). These restorations are generally manufactured for the second premolars or first molars, which could only be slightly visible when the patient smiles. Therefore, the dentist can preserve healthy natural tooth structure that exists in the mesiobuccal corner tooth for cosmetic purposes, the remainder of the tooth and can surround and cover restoration material.

Implementation of the overlay scale

The overlay inlaid require two appointments to complete the procedure. During the first visit, the filling to be replaced or the damaged or decaying area of the tooth is removed the tooth preparation for overlay embedding. To ensure proper fit and bite, an impression of the tooth is created and sent to the laboratory for fabrication of overlay. Dentist at this first visit to apply a temporary sealant on the tooth and is asked to schedule a second visit.

On the second visit, the dentist will remove the temporary sealant. The dentist will make sure that the inlay overlay fits properly. If the fit is satisfactory, the overlay is bonded to the tooth with a strong resin and polished then getting a smooth finish.


Traditional fillings can reduce the strength of a natural tooth by up to 50%. Alternatively, the inlay and overlay are directly bonded to the tooth using special high-strength resins, which even today can increase the strength of a tooth by up to 75%. As a result, they can last from 10 to 30 years. In some cases, where the damage to the tooth is not wide enough to place a crown, inlay can provide a very good alternative.

Improve your smile with cosmetic dentistry

What is the first impression we all want to give? A nice big smile, of course. With advances in the art and science of cosmetic dentistry, there is no reason that we cannot enjoy the boost in self-esteem and confidence which is having a perfect smile.

Cosmetic dentistry has a solution for every patient

In Propdental dental clinics we have extensive experience in cosmetic dentistry that allows our patients achieve the smile they’ve always wanted. In all these years we have heard many moving stories of people who have come to see us. People who had suffered many problems in their oral health problems or who have suffered shame and trusted why her smile was not as cute as they wanted it to be. And is that the way we feel about ourselves can affect us in our daily lives in many ways. In Propdental know how important it is that you feel good with yourself and that’s why we have a treatment program that allows to solve all your problems of oral health and aesthetic.

The art and science of cosmetic dentistry is growing rapidly and exceeded each year. So in Propdental we keep abreast of all developments to provide the best solutions for you. And aliñamos the best beauty treatments with a closeness and personal attention that makes our patients feel at home.

The closeness is vital

This is very important because patients sometimes difficult to talk about their appearance. It can even be embarrassing to admit the fact that we want a makeover. Do not worry. You can be sure that throughout the process, from the initial consultation to the final result, we will stand to listen carefully to all your needs and concerns. We will strive to do the best we can and so help you get a smile that stands out above all others. We promise to talk to you about all available treatments to choose what is best for you, which one will you get the change you are looking for in your smile and your life.

Everyone wants a broad, beaming smile. Everyone deserves. That’s why we designed Propdental dental treatment that suits your needs and help you get that gorgeous smile that captivates everyone else.

How to Teach Your Children about Good Dental Habits?

We know that the best way to teach is to lead by example, your child should see how you brush your teeth every morning and evening. If you usually do this before or after you go up to bed, alter your routine so that they can be present. If you are creative, you can invent a story that incorporates mythical characters like the gentleman (toothbrush) and elves (the Board) in an epic struggle in the dragon’s cave (the mouth). Sing or listen to a special song for brushing is also good for creating.

Teach him to use the toothbrush as a toy

Make the brushed look fast, easy and fun , while the oral hygiene care. Try to replace flossing remove a spray water pressure. Place a whale or a dolphin so your bathroom faucet, helps make funny rinse.

If your child is too young to made a good tooth brushing and do not want to do it, nothing happens, you can always bring in a third party to perform this odious task, a puppet of confidence. Decorating a sock creating a character who is a dentist by the child who asked a good toothbrushing and also do a flossing. Your dentist puppet can also go along with your child to his first dental appointment, to make the experience less traumatic.

What about older children?

There will come a time when you have to leave your child alone and let him take charge of his own dental care. When children turn 5 or 6 years, they have enough skill and motor control to brush properly (though probably still need to be reminded to brush and floss and must be supervised until 7 or 8 years). At this age, can appreciate the advantages of enjoying good oral health and comply acquire good habits.

Make the brushed look fast, easy and fun, while the oral hygiene care. Try to replace flossing remove a spray water pressure. Place a whale or a dolphin so your bathroom faucet, helps make funny rinse.

If your child is too young to made a good tooth brushing and do not want to do it, nothing happens, you can always bring in a third party to perform this odious task, a puppet of confidence. Decorating a sock creating a character who is a dentist by the child who asked a good toothbrushing and also do a flossing. Your dentist puppet can also go along with your child to his first dental appointment, to make the experience less traumatic.

What about older children?

There will come a time when you have to leave your child alone and let him take charge of his own dental care. When children turn 5 or 6 years, they have enough skill and motor control to brush properly (though probably still need to be reminded to brush and floss and must be supervised until 7 or 8 years). At this age, can appreciate the advantages of enjoying good oral health and comply acquire good habits.

Afraid of the dentist?

Although it might seem strange, according to a new study by the Rey Juan Carlos University in Madrid, you can be you who really did this causing that fear your son. The researchers found that the development of the “Dentofobia” is closely related to the behavior of parents when they are sitting in the dentist’s chair. And what’s more, the way the parent responds to the dentist, may be particularly important in relation to how the child sees the dentist.

Children imitate and take example from their parents, so stay calm in the dentist’s office in front of your children is key, because depending on this, condicionaras the future behavior of your child in addition to getting to acquire good habits Dental. Since maintaining a relaxed attitude during dental visits, daily brushing to promote, there are many ways to ensure that your children grow up with healthy teeth and mouth.

The best remedy against oral health problems, is to acquire good dental habits from an early age and brushing. Do not miss more time and teach your child how to get it, so that more can enjoy a healthy mouth.

How to improve the aesthetics of the gum

The aesthetic is gaining more and more importance in our society, still face our letter to the public and one of the most valued areas where the appearance of a person is judged. Among the different facial features, the mouth is one of the most influential. Still, the aesthetics of your smile not only adheres to assess the size, color or shape of the teeth, but also the aesthetics of the gum.

Health and gum care

First, improve the aesthetics of the gum does not primarily aim to correct any problem with it. Thus, it is essential that the gum be healthy, so if there is periodontal disease should be treated and controlled in the first instance. Thus, tissues can be handled better and heal in a more favorable light. This not only relates to the above care to cosmetic treatment, but also to maintain the results. ‘s important that the patient follow a program of periodontal maintenance.

To solve the various unsightly alterations of the gingiva, the patient has four options:

Gingivectomy: The procedure involves removal of the damaged part of the gum by surgical intervention. Generally used for the treatment of hyperplasia or overgrowth gum drug. Only be done when you can guarantee, is the maintenance of a proper amount of adhering tissue.

Flaps: is a surgical procedure that involves moving sections of gum to treat bone and tissue beneath and surrounding. Then the flap is again fixed at a higher point so that at least smile gum display, achieving more aesthetic results.

Gingivoplasty: gingivoplasty is a technique through which the gums settle again. Improves the contour of the gums around the tooth.

OrthognathicSurgery :Orthognathic surgery involves removing a section of bone located above the tooth roots and the closure of the entire arc so you cannot see the gummy smile. It is the most extensive and expensive procedure but, depending on what cases it may be the best option to achieve the desired results.

Before performing any type of surgery, since Clinics Propdental we emphasize the importance of taking care to keep the gums healthy and to submit to intervention. In addition, the patient should see a dentist to perform a comprehensive aesthetic diagnosis and ensure you have the controlled periodontal disease. Although the goals of treatment may be primarily cosmetic, also look after the health of the patient.