Dental caries (tooth decay) is holes made in the two outer layers of tooth enamel and dentin calls. Enamel is the outer white hard surface and the dentin is the yellow layer just beneath the enamel. Both layers serve to protect the inner life of tooth tissue called the pulp, where blood vessels and nerves reside.
Tooth decay is common, affecting over 90% of the population. Cavities can occur in any tooth but usually are usually most frequent between the millstones. The cavities in the molars, popularly known as chopped wheels. Small cavities may not cause pain and may go unnoticed by the patient. The larger cavities can collect food and inner tooth pulp can be affected, leading to irritable due to bacterial toxins. Intone, both cold, hot, sour and sweet foods might be causing toothache. The toothache of these cavities is larger the number one reason for visits to dentists.
Causes of toothache chopped
The bacteria that cause cavities between molars consume simple sugars, making them acidic plate. The acid plate is different from periodontal plaque that causes gum disease. The acid produced by plaque bacteria cause these harsh inorganic layers that make the enamel and dentin are tender. The softened layers are then dissolved by the saliva, leaving a hole (cavity) to the tooth. Unless this cavity is filled by a dentist or filling, the cavity may continue to erode and damage the pulp inside the tooth. Damage to the pulp can lead to pulp death, infection and dental abscess. Therefore, both the pulp damage require tooth extraction as a root canal in which the dead pulp is removed and replaced with an inert material.
The enamel of the teeth are immature and porous. It may take seven years for the limestone porosity and enamel it can be replaced by a more mature, dense, hard and shiny enamel. Therefore, the children are more prone to cavities than adults.
The bacteria that bite the teeth , causing tooth decay, are difficult to eradicate because they are very similar to other harmless bacteria that live in the oral cavity. The bacteria causing many bites wheels include:
- Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria residing in the pits and fissures of the chewing surfaces (occlusal) of the teeth. These bacteria can cause rampant caries in young children 3-12 years, causing decay in both baby teeth and permanent first molars, which erupt around age 6.
- Six species of streptococci bacteria attack the smooth surfaces on the sides of the teeth. These parts are usually touching the adjacent teeth, and the resulting cavities in these parts can be difficult to detect visually. These cavities are best detected by the use of x-rays.
- Viscous Odontomyces bacteria living in the back of the tongue and attack the exposed cement. Cement is the hard outer layer of the tooth root (the lower two thirds of the tooth which is normally buried in the dental bone). In elderly patients and in patients with gum disease, tooth root and cement statements have exposed and vulnerable to attack by these bacteria.
Prevent bites wheels
The number of cavities can be reduced through proper nutrition, good oral hygiene, fewer snacks between meals, use of oral or topical fluorides and sealants that are known today.
- Nutritional advice – eat less simple (sucrose or table sugar) sugar, reduce the number of acid-producing bacteria in the mouth. Adequate dietary calcium, phosphorus, vitamins A, D, and C promote the formation of healthy and strong enamel.
- Home oral hygiene – brushing often helps reduce damage caused by plaque acid enamel, while using frequent flossing removes plaque acid smooth surfaces between teeth and molars. If you cannot brush and floss immediately after a meal, food should be tested for self-cleaning chewing on the end of the meal. These include apples and celery are crunchy and help sweep food debris and plaque. Chewing sugarless gum for a few minutes at the end of the meal can also help.
- Eat fewer snacks between meals – every bite is followed by an acid attack on the teeth. Therefore, eat snacks throughout the day causes the teeth are continually bathed in acid. Eat fewer snacks and desserts only helps to reduce the number of acid attacks on teeth meals.
- Fluorides – oral fluoride help strengthen the developing enamel and dentin layers of the teeth of children before they erupt. Topical fluorides fill the pores of immature enamel or small early cavities and reduce tooth decay and erupted. Topical fluorides are usually painted at the dentist, and later at home are complemented with topical fluoride gels.
- Sealants – Sealants are plastic coatings painted on the pits and fissures of the chewing surfaces of the back teeth (molars and premolars) and are very effective in preventing cavities. Sealants for permanent molars in all children are recommended to avoid bites wheels. They are also used to reduce tooth decay in baby teeth and adult teeth are prone to cavities. The procedure is simple and painless and requires no anesthesia.